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Prevalence of malnutrition in Parkinson's disease: a systematic review.

Abstract

Parkinson's disease (PD) patients may be at higher risk of malnutrition because of the symptoms associated with the disease and the side effects of the medication used to manage it. A decline in nutritional status is associated with many adverse outcomes related to health and quality of life. It is not clear, however, to what extent this population is currently affected by malnutrition. The objective of this review was to systematically assess the methodology and outcomes of studies reporting the prevalence of malnutrition in PD patients. Studies that attempted to classify participants with PD into nutritional risk and/or malnutrition categories using body mass index, weight change, anthropometric measures, and nutritional screening and assessment scores were included. The prevalence of malnutrition ranged from 0% to 24% in PD patients, while 3-60% of PD patients were reported to be at risk of malnutrition. There was a large degree of variation among studies in the methods chosen, the definition of malnutrition using those methods, and the detail in which the methodological protocols were reported. The true extent of malnutrition in the PD population has yet to be accurately quantified. It is important, however, to screen for malnutrition at the time of PD diagnosis.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors

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    Source

    Nutrition reviews 69:9 2011 Sep pg 520-32

    MeSH

    Humans
    Malnutrition
    Parkinson Disease
    Prevalence
    Reproducibility of Results
    Risk Factors

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    21884132

    Citation

    TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of malnutrition in Parkinson's disease: a systematic review. AU - Sheard,Jamie M, AU - Ash,Susan, AU - Silburn,Peter A, AU - Kerr,Graham K, PY - 2011/9/3/entrez PY - 2011/9/3/pubmed PY - 2012/1/6/medline SP - 520 EP - 32 JF - Nutrition reviews JO - Nutr. Rev. VL - 69 IS - 9 N2 - Parkinson's disease (PD) patients may be at higher risk of malnutrition because of the symptoms associated with the disease and the side effects of the medication used to manage it. A decline in nutritional status is associated with many adverse outcomes related to health and quality of life. It is not clear, however, to what extent this population is currently affected by malnutrition. The objective of this review was to systematically assess the methodology and outcomes of studies reporting the prevalence of malnutrition in PD patients. Studies that attempted to classify participants with PD into nutritional risk and/or malnutrition categories using body mass index, weight change, anthropometric measures, and nutritional screening and assessment scores were included. The prevalence of malnutrition ranged from 0% to 24% in PD patients, while 3-60% of PD patients were reported to be at risk of malnutrition. There was a large degree of variation among studies in the methods chosen, the definition of malnutrition using those methods, and the detail in which the methodological protocols were reported. The true extent of malnutrition in the PD population has yet to be accurately quantified. It is important, however, to screen for malnutrition at the time of PD diagnosis. SN - 1753-4887 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21884132/full_citation L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-4887.2011.00413.x ER -