Women, lipoproteins and cardiovascular disease risk.Can J Cardiol. 1990 May; 6 Suppl B:23B-29B.CJ
Atherosclerosis, lipoprotein structure, lipoprotein metabolism and role in atherogenesis, epidemiology of lipoproteins and coronary artery disease, and current public health guidelines for cholesterol control are described. Low density lipoprotein cholesterol levels rise with age in both men and women. High density lipoprotein (HDL) levels decline after menopause. Special aspects of coronary risk in women include the stronger role of diabetes, hypertriglyceridemia and HDL. In addition, the effects of exogenous hormone therapy, both in the form or oral contraceptives and post menopausal hormone replacement should be considered. Careful attention to these issues may reduce cardiovascular morbidity in adult women.