The effects of symmetric and asymmetric foot placements on sit-to-stand joint moments.Gait Posture. 2012 Jan; 35(1):78-82.GP
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of symmetric and asymmetric foot placements on joint moments during sit-to-stand movements. Three symmetric (foot-neutral, foot-back, and foot-intermediate) and three asymmetric foot placements (preferred stagger, nonpreferred stagger, and intermediate stagger) were tested. Standard (46 cm) and low (41 cm) seat heights were chosen to represent an average public seat height and a 10% lower seat height. Using inverse dynamics, maximum ankle plantarflexion, knee extension, hip extension, and hip abduction moments were calculated. Hip extension moments were significantly increased when using foot-neutral as compared to foot-back. Ankle plantarflexion and knee extension moments were significantly increased when a foot was placed in the posterior position as compared to the anterior position for preferred and nonpreferred stagger. Knee extension moments were significantly increased at the low seat height as compared to the standard seat height. When shifting the feet anterior or posterior for symmetric placements during sit-to-stand, the most dramatic effect was an increase in hip extension moments when the feet are shifted anteriorly. Utilizing asymmetric foot placements during sit-to-stand produced increases in ankle plantarflexion and knee extension moments for the posteriorly placed limb, with reductions in the anteriorly placed limb.