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Can basic auditory and cognitive measures predict hearing-impaired listeners' localization and spatial speech recognition abilities?
J Acoust Soc Am. 2011 Sep; 130(3):1542-58.JA

Abstract

This study aimed to clarify the basic auditory and cognitive processes that affect listeners' performance on two spatial listening tasks: sound localization and speech recognition in spatially complex, multi-talker situations. Twenty-three elderly listeners with mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing impairments were tested on the two spatial listening tasks, a measure of monaural spectral ripple discrimination, a measure of binaural temporal fine structure (TFS) sensitivity, and two (visual) cognitive measures indexing working memory and attention. All auditory test stimuli were spectrally shaped to restore (partial) audibility for each listener on each listening task. Eight younger normal-hearing listeners served as a control group. Data analyses revealed that the chosen auditory and cognitive measures could predict neither sound localization accuracy nor speech recognition when the target and maskers were separated along the front-back dimension. When the competing talkers were separated along the left-right dimension, however, speech recognition performance was significantly correlated with the attentional measure. Furthermore, supplementary analyses indicated additional effects of binaural TFS sensitivity and average low-frequency hearing thresholds. Altogether, these results are in support of the notion that both bottom-up and top-down deficits are responsible for the impaired functioning of elderly hearing-impaired listeners in cocktail party-like situations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Eriksholm Research Centre, Oticon A/S, Kongevejen 243, DK-3070 Snekkersten, Denmark. ton@oticon.dkNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21895093

Citation

Neher, Tobias, et al. "Can Basic Auditory and Cognitive Measures Predict Hearing-impaired Listeners' Localization and Spatial Speech Recognition Abilities?" The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol. 130, no. 3, 2011, pp. 1542-58.
Neher T, Laugesen S, Jensen NS, et al. Can basic auditory and cognitive measures predict hearing-impaired listeners' localization and spatial speech recognition abilities? J Acoust Soc Am. 2011;130(3):1542-58.
Neher, T., Laugesen, S., Jensen, N. S., & Kragelund, L. (2011). Can basic auditory and cognitive measures predict hearing-impaired listeners' localization and spatial speech recognition abilities? The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 130(3), 1542-58. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.3608122
Neher T, et al. Can Basic Auditory and Cognitive Measures Predict Hearing-impaired Listeners' Localization and Spatial Speech Recognition Abilities. J Acoust Soc Am. 2011;130(3):1542-58. PubMed PMID: 21895093.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Can basic auditory and cognitive measures predict hearing-impaired listeners' localization and spatial speech recognition abilities? AU - Neher,Tobias, AU - Laugesen,Søren, AU - Jensen,Niels Søgaard, AU - Kragelund,Louise, PY - 2011/9/8/entrez PY - 2011/9/8/pubmed PY - 2012/1/12/medline SP - 1542 EP - 58 JF - The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America JO - J Acoust Soc Am VL - 130 IS - 3 N2 - This study aimed to clarify the basic auditory and cognitive processes that affect listeners' performance on two spatial listening tasks: sound localization and speech recognition in spatially complex, multi-talker situations. Twenty-three elderly listeners with mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing impairments were tested on the two spatial listening tasks, a measure of monaural spectral ripple discrimination, a measure of binaural temporal fine structure (TFS) sensitivity, and two (visual) cognitive measures indexing working memory and attention. All auditory test stimuli were spectrally shaped to restore (partial) audibility for each listener on each listening task. Eight younger normal-hearing listeners served as a control group. Data analyses revealed that the chosen auditory and cognitive measures could predict neither sound localization accuracy nor speech recognition when the target and maskers were separated along the front-back dimension. When the competing talkers were separated along the left-right dimension, however, speech recognition performance was significantly correlated with the attentional measure. Furthermore, supplementary analyses indicated additional effects of binaural TFS sensitivity and average low-frequency hearing thresholds. Altogether, these results are in support of the notion that both bottom-up and top-down deficits are responsible for the impaired functioning of elderly hearing-impaired listeners in cocktail party-like situations. SN - 1520-8524 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21895093/Can_basic_auditory_and_cognitive_measures_predict_hearing_impaired_listeners'_localization_and_spatial_speech_recognition_abilities L2 - https://doi.org/10.1121/1.3608122 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -