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Western and Mediterranean dietary patterns among Balearic Islands' adolescents: socio-economic and lifestyle determinants.
Public Health Nutr. 2012 Apr; 15(4):683-92.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess prevailing food patterns among Balearic Islands' adolescents, and socio-economic and lifestyle determinants.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional nutritional survey carried out (2007-2008) in the Balearic Islands, a Mediterranean region. Dietary assessment was based on a 145-item semi-quantitative FFQ and two non-consecutive 24 h recalls. Anthropometric measurements and questions related to socio-economic, lifestyle, physical activity and body image were assessed.

SETTING

Data obtained from a representative sample of all inhabitants living in the Balearic Islands aged 12-17 years.

SUBJECTS

A random sample (n 1231) of the adolescent population (12-17 years old) was interviewed.

RESULTS

Factor analysis identified two major dietary food patterns: 'Western' and 'Mediterranean'. The 'Western' dietary pattern was higher among boys than girls, associated with spending ≥4 h/d on media screen time, but less prevalent among those adolescents who desired a thinner body and those girls who desired to remain the same weight. The 'Mediterranean' dietary pattern was mainly followed by girls, and also boys who spent < 2 h/d on media screen time and girls with high parental socio-economic status.

CONCLUSIONS

The present study shows the existence of two major dietary patterns among Balearic Islands' adolescents: 'Western' and 'Mediterranean', but girls are more 'Mediterranean' than boys. This evidence supports that the food pattern of Balearic Islands' adolescents is in a transitional state characterised by the loss of the traditional Mediterranean dietary pattern towards a Western dietary pattern. Low parental socio-economic status, much leisure-time on sedentary behaviours such as media screen time and body image are factors associated with the 'Western' dietary pattern.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Research Group on Community Nutrition and Oxidative Stress, University of Balearic Islands, Guillem Colom Bldg, Campus, E-07122 Palma de Mallorca, Spain.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21899802

Citation

Bibiloni, Maria del Mar, et al. "Western and Mediterranean Dietary Patterns Among Balearic Islands' Adolescents: Socio-economic and Lifestyle Determinants." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 15, no. 4, 2012, pp. 683-92.
Bibiloni Mdel M, Martínez E, Llull R, et al. Western and Mediterranean dietary patterns among Balearic Islands' adolescents: socio-economic and lifestyle determinants. Public Health Nutr. 2012;15(4):683-92.
Bibiloni, M. d. e. l. . M., Martínez, E., Llull, R., Pons, A., & Tur, J. A. (2012). Western and Mediterranean dietary patterns among Balearic Islands' adolescents: socio-economic and lifestyle determinants. Public Health Nutrition, 15(4), 683-92. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980011002199
Bibiloni Mdel M, et al. Western and Mediterranean Dietary Patterns Among Balearic Islands' Adolescents: Socio-economic and Lifestyle Determinants. Public Health Nutr. 2012;15(4):683-92. PubMed PMID: 21899802.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Western and Mediterranean dietary patterns among Balearic Islands' adolescents: socio-economic and lifestyle determinants. AU - Bibiloni,Maria del Mar, AU - Martínez,Elisa, AU - Llull,Rosa, AU - Pons,Antoni, AU - Tur,Josep A, Y1 - 2011/09/08/ PY - 2011/9/9/entrez PY - 2011/9/9/pubmed PY - 2012/4/14/medline SP - 683 EP - 92 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 15 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess prevailing food patterns among Balearic Islands' adolescents, and socio-economic and lifestyle determinants. DESIGN: Cross-sectional nutritional survey carried out (2007-2008) in the Balearic Islands, a Mediterranean region. Dietary assessment was based on a 145-item semi-quantitative FFQ and two non-consecutive 24 h recalls. Anthropometric measurements and questions related to socio-economic, lifestyle, physical activity and body image were assessed. SETTING: Data obtained from a representative sample of all inhabitants living in the Balearic Islands aged 12-17 years. SUBJECTS: A random sample (n 1231) of the adolescent population (12-17 years old) was interviewed. RESULTS: Factor analysis identified two major dietary food patterns: 'Western' and 'Mediterranean'. The 'Western' dietary pattern was higher among boys than girls, associated with spending ≥4 h/d on media screen time, but less prevalent among those adolescents who desired a thinner body and those girls who desired to remain the same weight. The 'Mediterranean' dietary pattern was mainly followed by girls, and also boys who spent < 2 h/d on media screen time and girls with high parental socio-economic status. CONCLUSIONS: The present study shows the existence of two major dietary patterns among Balearic Islands' adolescents: 'Western' and 'Mediterranean', but girls are more 'Mediterranean' than boys. This evidence supports that the food pattern of Balearic Islands' adolescents is in a transitional state characterised by the loss of the traditional Mediterranean dietary pattern towards a Western dietary pattern. Low parental socio-economic status, much leisure-time on sedentary behaviours such as media screen time and body image are factors associated with the 'Western' dietary pattern. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21899802/Western_and_Mediterranean_dietary_patterns_among_Balearic_Islands'_adolescents:_socio_economic_and_lifestyle_determinants_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980011002199/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -