Efficacy and safety of aliskiren, a direct renin inhibitor, compared with ramipril in Asian patients with mild to moderate hypertension.Hypertens Res. 2012 Jan; 35(1):28-33.HR
This 8-week, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study compared the efficacy and safety of aliskiren with ramipril in Asian patients with mild to moderate hypertension. Following a 2- to 3-week placebo run-in period, patients with mean sitting diastolic blood pressure (msDBP) ≥95 and <110 mm Hg were randomized to receive once daily dose of either aliskiren 75, 150, 300 mg or ramipril 5 mg for 8 weeks. Efficacy variables were the changes in msDBP and mean sitting systolic BP (msSBP) and BP control rates (<140/90 mm Hg). Safety was assessed by recording adverse events (AEs) and serious AEs (SAEs). Of 1316 randomized patients, 1160 (88.1%) completed the study. At the study endpoint, patients on aliskiren had greater mean BP reductions (14.39/11.63 mm Hg for 300 mg; 12.16/10.04 mm Hg for 150 mg; 12.24/10.66 mm Hg for 75 mg) than those on 5 mg ramipril (11.46/9.19 mm Hg). All aliskiren doses were statistically non-inferior (P<0.0001) to ramipril in reducing msDBP. The reduction in BP for aliskiren 300 mg was statistically superior vs. ramipril (P<0.002). Blood pressure control rates were higher for aliskiren (300 mg, 52.29%; 150 mg, 48.11%; 75 mg, 45.68%) than for ramipril (5 mg, 43.7%); the difference for aliskiren 300 mg vs. ramipril 5 mg was statistically significant (P<0.05). Aliskiren was well tolerated with a fourfold lower incidence of cough (0.6-1.2%) compared with ramipril (5.2%). SAEs were rare in this study (0.5%). Aliskiren produced greater BP reductions with a lower incidence of cough than ramipril in Asian patients with mild to moderate hypertension.