Preliminary reliability and validity of a new time-sensitive ADHD symptom scale in adolescents with ADHD.Postgrad Med 2011; 123(5):7-13PM
To validate the Time-Sensitive ADHD Symptom Scale (TASS) in the assessment of symptom change during the day in adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
A total of 40 participants with ADHD aged 13 to 17 years completed 1 or 2 visits, 1 to 9 weeks apart. The TASS and the ADHD Rating Scale-IV (ADHD-RS-IV) were completed twice at each visit: at the time of the clinic visit (in-clinic assessment) and 2 to 6 hours afterwards (evening assessment).
Internal consistency of the TASS was high, with Cronbach's alpha coefficients of 0.91 (in-clinic) and 0.90 (evening) for visit 1, and 0.88 (in-clinic) and 0.86 (evening) for visit 2. Pearson's correlation coefficients between the TASS and ADHD-RS-IV were significant at both visits (P < 0.0001). Stability analyses of the TASS found no significant effect between ratings performed at different visits (P = 0.936), but there was a significant effect of the assessment time within visits (P < 0.0001). There was not a significant visit by assessment time interaction (P = 0.924).
The TASS showed high internal consistency and high concurrent validity with the ADHD-RS-IV. Results of this preliminary study indicate that the TASS is a valid and reliable self-report scale for adolescents with ADHD.