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Gender differences in military sexual trauma and mental health diagnoses among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder.
Womens Health Issues. 2012 Jan-Feb; 22(1):e61-6.WH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

We examined correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), including military sexual trauma (MST), in Iraq and Afghanistan veterans. We also compared mental health comorbidities by gender among veterans with PTSD, with and without MST.

METHODS

Retrospective data analyses were conducted using Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) administrative data from 213,803 Iraq and Afghanistan veterans and the subset diagnosed with PTSD from April 1, 2002, to October 1, 2008. We used descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression compared by gender to investigate independent correlates and mental health comorbidities associated with PTSD, with and without MST.

RESULTS

Among women with PTSD, 31% screened positive for MST; 1% of men with PTSD screened positive for MST. Among those with PTSD, veterans with MST had more comorbid mental health diagnoses than those without MST. Women with PTSD and MST were more likely to receive comorbid depression, anxiety, and eating disorder diagnoses, and men were more likely to receive comorbid substance use disorder diagnoses.

CONCLUSIONS

MST is associated with an increased prevalence of mental health disorders comorbid with PTSD. Better understanding comorbidity patterns will allow for targeted evaluation and treatment of returning veterans with MST.

Authors+Show Affiliations

San Francisco VA Medical Center, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA. Shira.Maguen@va.govNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21907590

Citation

Maguen, Shira, et al. "Gender Differences in Military Sexual Trauma and Mental Health Diagnoses Among Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder." Women's Health Issues : Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health, vol. 22, no. 1, 2012, pp. e61-6.
Maguen S, Cohen B, Ren L, et al. Gender differences in military sexual trauma and mental health diagnoses among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. Womens Health Issues. 2012;22(1):e61-6.
Maguen, S., Cohen, B., Ren, L., Bosch, J., Kimerling, R., & Seal, K. (2012). Gender differences in military sexual trauma and mental health diagnoses among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. Women's Health Issues : Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health, 22(1), e61-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.whi.2011.07.010
Maguen S, et al. Gender Differences in Military Sexual Trauma and Mental Health Diagnoses Among Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Womens Health Issues. 2012 Jan-Feb;22(1):e61-6. PubMed PMID: 21907590.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Gender differences in military sexual trauma and mental health diagnoses among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. AU - Maguen,Shira, AU - Cohen,Beth, AU - Ren,Li, AU - Bosch,Jeane, AU - Kimerling,Rachel, AU - Seal,Karen, Y1 - 2011/09/09/ PY - 2011/01/11/received PY - 2011/06/15/revised PY - 2011/07/25/accepted PY - 2011/9/13/entrez PY - 2011/9/13/pubmed PY - 2012/4/27/medline SP - e61 EP - 6 JF - Women's health issues : official publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health JO - Womens Health Issues VL - 22 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: We examined correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), including military sexual trauma (MST), in Iraq and Afghanistan veterans. We also compared mental health comorbidities by gender among veterans with PTSD, with and without MST. METHODS: Retrospective data analyses were conducted using Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) administrative data from 213,803 Iraq and Afghanistan veterans and the subset diagnosed with PTSD from April 1, 2002, to October 1, 2008. We used descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression compared by gender to investigate independent correlates and mental health comorbidities associated with PTSD, with and without MST. RESULTS: Among women with PTSD, 31% screened positive for MST; 1% of men with PTSD screened positive for MST. Among those with PTSD, veterans with MST had more comorbid mental health diagnoses than those without MST. Women with PTSD and MST were more likely to receive comorbid depression, anxiety, and eating disorder diagnoses, and men were more likely to receive comorbid substance use disorder diagnoses. CONCLUSIONS: MST is associated with an increased prevalence of mental health disorders comorbid with PTSD. Better understanding comorbidity patterns will allow for targeted evaluation and treatment of returning veterans with MST. SN - 1878-4321 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21907590/Gender_differences_in_military_sexual_trauma_and_mental_health_diagnoses_among_Iraq_and_Afghanistan_veterans_with_posttraumatic_stress_disorder_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1049-3867(11)00174-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -