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Surveillance and control of communicable diseases related to passenger ships in Europe.
Int Marit Health. 2011; 62(2):138-47.IM

Abstract

This study was conducted within the European SHIPSAN (ship sanitation) project and aims at exploring the legislative framework and current practices related to surveillance of communicable diseases and response aboard passenger ships in Europe. A detailed questionnaire was disseminated and completed by 59 competent authorities in 27 European countries. The majority of competent authorities used national legislation without special provisions for passenger ships. Only 20% had specific provisions for ships regarding quarantine, while a smaller proportion of new Member States (MS) have specific legislation in comparison with old MS (p = 0.01). The Maritime Declaration of Health (MDH) was the main reporting tool used. About 30.5% of the competent authorities declared that they require submission of MDH by all arriving ships, but 28.8% only from affected areas, and 11.9% never require MDH. A total of 45 outbreaks or incidents (36 gastrointestinal, 1 incident of legionellosis, 3 respiratory, and 1 influenza-like illness outbreak, occupational tuberculosis, varicella, scabies, and meningitis) were reported to EU competent authorities during 2006. About 75% of the responders stated that there are gaps in the surveillance and control of communicable diseases. A diversity of approaches in EU countries, and gaps regarding surveillance and response and training needs of personnel were identified.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece. xhatzi@med.uth.grNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21910118

Citation

Hadjichristodoulou, Christos, et al. "Surveillance and Control of Communicable Diseases Related to Passenger Ships in Europe." International Maritime Health, vol. 62, no. 2, 2011, pp. 138-47.
Hadjichristodoulou C, Mouchtouri VA, Martinez CV, et al. Surveillance and control of communicable diseases related to passenger ships in Europe. Int Marit Health. 2011;62(2):138-47.
Hadjichristodoulou, C., Mouchtouri, V. A., Martinez, C. V., Nichols, G., Riemer, T., Rabinina, J., Swan, C., Pirnat, N., Sokolova, O., Kostara, E., Rachiotis, G., Meilicke, R., Schlaich, C., Bartlett, C. L., Kremastinou, J., & Partnership, T. S. (2011). Surveillance and control of communicable diseases related to passenger ships in Europe. International Maritime Health, 62(2), 138-47.
Hadjichristodoulou C, et al. Surveillance and Control of Communicable Diseases Related to Passenger Ships in Europe. Int Marit Health. 2011;62(2):138-47. PubMed PMID: 21910118.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Surveillance and control of communicable diseases related to passenger ships in Europe. AU - Hadjichristodoulou,Christos, AU - Mouchtouri,Varvara A, AU - Martinez,Carmen Varela, AU - Nichols,Gordon, AU - Riemer,Tobias, AU - Rabinina,Jelena, AU - Swan,Corien, AU - Pirnat,Nina, AU - Sokolova,Ona, AU - Kostara,Elina, AU - Rachiotis,George, AU - Meilicke,Rainer, AU - Schlaich,Clara, AU - Bartlett,Christopher Lr, AU - Kremastinou,Jenny, AU - Partnership,The Shipsan, PY - 2011/9/13/entrez PY - 2011/9/13/pubmed PY - 2012/1/26/medline SP - 138 EP - 47 JF - International maritime health JO - Int Marit Health VL - 62 IS - 2 N2 - This study was conducted within the European SHIPSAN (ship sanitation) project and aims at exploring the legislative framework and current practices related to surveillance of communicable diseases and response aboard passenger ships in Europe. A detailed questionnaire was disseminated and completed by 59 competent authorities in 27 European countries. The majority of competent authorities used national legislation without special provisions for passenger ships. Only 20% had specific provisions for ships regarding quarantine, while a smaller proportion of new Member States (MS) have specific legislation in comparison with old MS (p = 0.01). The Maritime Declaration of Health (MDH) was the main reporting tool used. About 30.5% of the competent authorities declared that they require submission of MDH by all arriving ships, but 28.8% only from affected areas, and 11.9% never require MDH. A total of 45 outbreaks or incidents (36 gastrointestinal, 1 incident of legionellosis, 3 respiratory, and 1 influenza-like illness outbreak, occupational tuberculosis, varicella, scabies, and meningitis) were reported to EU competent authorities during 2006. About 75% of the responders stated that there are gaps in the surveillance and control of communicable diseases. A diversity of approaches in EU countries, and gaps regarding surveillance and response and training needs of personnel were identified. SN - 2081-3252 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21910118/Surveillance_and_control_of_communicable_diseases_related_to_passenger_ships_in_Europe_ L2 - http://www.intmarhealth.pl/en/zamow_art_pdf.phtml?id=11&indeks_art=176 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -