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Dental aesthetic self-perception and desire for orthodontic treatment among school children in Benin City, Nigeria.
Nig Q J Hosp Med. 2011 Jan-Mar; 21(1):45-9.NQ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The availability of information on the individual perception of own's dental appearance and desire to uptake orthodontic treatment is of importance in the planning of orthodontic care within a population.

OBJECTIVE

The subjective assessment of personal dental appearance and desire for orthodontic treatment was appraised among Nigerian children.

METHODS

The study was conducted among 91 school children (33 boys, 58 girls) aged 12 years old in Benin City, south-southern region of Nigeria. The satisfaction of the subjects with the arrangement of their anterior teeth and desire to straighten their teeth was determined using a questionnaire. The subjects were further asked to rank their dental attractiveness in relation to the photographs in the Aesthetic component (AC) of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN). The need for orthodontic treatment among the subjects was also assessed by the examiner with the Aesthetic component of IOTN. Chi-square tests were used for data analysis.

RESULTS

The result revealed that more than three-quarters (76.9%) of the subjects were satisfied with their dental aesthetics while 23.1% desired to have orthodontic treatment. The boys expressed significantly higher level of dissatisfaction with their dental aesthetics and a greater desire to have orthodontic treatment (P < 0.05). Most subjects (92.3%) rated their dental attractiveness in the "little to no need" orthodontic treatment grade on the AC scale. The normative borderline treatment need was higher than subjective borderline need but there was consistency in distribution of 4.4% in definite need treatment grade by the subjects and examiner.

CONCLUSION

The majority of the children rated their teeth as aesthetically satisfactory but there were gender differences in perception of dental aesthetics and desire for orthodontic treatment among this sample of Nigerian children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Orthodontic Unit, Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Medical Sciences, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria. Buskyet@Yahoo.Com

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21913541

Citation

Ajayi, Emmanuel O.. "Dental Aesthetic Self-perception and Desire for Orthodontic Treatment Among School Children in Benin City, Nigeria." Nigerian Quarterly Journal of Hospital Medicine, vol. 21, no. 1, 2011, pp. 45-9.
Ajayi EO. Dental aesthetic self-perception and desire for orthodontic treatment among school children in Benin City, Nigeria. Nig Q J Hosp Med. 2011;21(1):45-9.
Ajayi, E. O. (2011). Dental aesthetic self-perception and desire for orthodontic treatment among school children in Benin City, Nigeria. Nigerian Quarterly Journal of Hospital Medicine, 21(1), 45-9.
Ajayi EO. Dental Aesthetic Self-perception and Desire for Orthodontic Treatment Among School Children in Benin City, Nigeria. Nig Q J Hosp Med. 2011 Jan-Mar;21(1):45-9. PubMed PMID: 21913541.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dental aesthetic self-perception and desire for orthodontic treatment among school children in Benin City, Nigeria. A1 - Ajayi,Emmanuel O, PY - 2011/9/15/entrez PY - 2011/9/15/pubmed PY - 2011/10/1/medline SP - 45 EP - 9 JF - Nigerian quarterly journal of hospital medicine JO - Nig Q J Hosp Med VL - 21 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: The availability of information on the individual perception of own's dental appearance and desire to uptake orthodontic treatment is of importance in the planning of orthodontic care within a population. OBJECTIVE: The subjective assessment of personal dental appearance and desire for orthodontic treatment was appraised among Nigerian children. METHODS: The study was conducted among 91 school children (33 boys, 58 girls) aged 12 years old in Benin City, south-southern region of Nigeria. The satisfaction of the subjects with the arrangement of their anterior teeth and desire to straighten their teeth was determined using a questionnaire. The subjects were further asked to rank their dental attractiveness in relation to the photographs in the Aesthetic component (AC) of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN). The need for orthodontic treatment among the subjects was also assessed by the examiner with the Aesthetic component of IOTN. Chi-square tests were used for data analysis. RESULTS: The result revealed that more than three-quarters (76.9%) of the subjects were satisfied with their dental aesthetics while 23.1% desired to have orthodontic treatment. The boys expressed significantly higher level of dissatisfaction with their dental aesthetics and a greater desire to have orthodontic treatment (P < 0.05). Most subjects (92.3%) rated their dental attractiveness in the "little to no need" orthodontic treatment grade on the AC scale. The normative borderline treatment need was higher than subjective borderline need but there was consistency in distribution of 4.4% in definite need treatment grade by the subjects and examiner. CONCLUSION: The majority of the children rated their teeth as aesthetically satisfactory but there were gender differences in perception of dental aesthetics and desire for orthodontic treatment among this sample of Nigerian children. SN - 0189-2657 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21913541/Dental_aesthetic_self_perception_and_desire_for_orthodontic_treatment_among_school_children_in_Benin_City_Nigeria_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -