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Influence of growth phase on the essential oil composition and antimicrobial activities of Satureja hortensis.
Nat Prod Commun. 2011 Aug; 6(8):1173-8.NP

Abstract

The variations in quantity and quality of essential oils (EOs) from the aerial parts of cultivated Satureja hortensis were determined at different stages of harvesting. The EOs of air-dried samples were obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The antimicrobial activity of the EOs was investigated by broth microdilution methods. The amount of EOs (w/w, %) were 2.3, 2.5, 2.0, and 1.8% at floral budding, full flowering, immature fruit, and ripened fruit stages, respectively. gamma-Terpinene was the major compound of the EO at all developmental stages, except the ripened fruit stage when it was replaced by carvacrol (46.4%). The EOs exhibited strong antibacterial activities against the tested bacteria. Moreover, the EOs either inhibited or killed the examined yeasts at concentrations ranging from 0.03-8.0 microL/mL. Considering the wide range of antimicrobial activities of the examined EOs, they might have potential to be used in the management of infective agents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21922929

Citation

Saharkhiz, Mohammad Jamal, et al. "Influence of Growth Phase On the Essential Oil Composition and Antimicrobial Activities of Satureja Hortensis." Natural Product Communications, vol. 6, no. 8, 2011, pp. 1173-8.
Saharkhiz MJ, Zomorodian K, Rezaei MR, et al. Influence of growth phase on the essential oil composition and antimicrobial activities of Satureja hortensis. Nat Prod Commun. 2011;6(8):1173-8.
Saharkhiz, M. J., Zomorodian, K., Rezaei, M. R., Saadat, F., & Rahimi, M. J. (2011). Influence of growth phase on the essential oil composition and antimicrobial activities of Satureja hortensis. Natural Product Communications, 6(8), 1173-8.
Saharkhiz MJ, et al. Influence of Growth Phase On the Essential Oil Composition and Antimicrobial Activities of Satureja Hortensis. Nat Prod Commun. 2011;6(8):1173-8. PubMed PMID: 21922929.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Influence of growth phase on the essential oil composition and antimicrobial activities of Satureja hortensis. AU - Saharkhiz,Mohammad Jamal, AU - Zomorodian,Kamiar, AU - Rezaei,Mohammad Reza, AU - Saadat,Farshid, AU - Rahimi,Mohammad Javad, PY - 2011/9/20/entrez PY - 2011/9/20/pubmed PY - 2011/10/22/medline SP - 1173 EP - 8 JF - Natural product communications JO - Nat Prod Commun VL - 6 IS - 8 N2 - The variations in quantity and quality of essential oils (EOs) from the aerial parts of cultivated Satureja hortensis were determined at different stages of harvesting. The EOs of air-dried samples were obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The antimicrobial activity of the EOs was investigated by broth microdilution methods. The amount of EOs (w/w, %) were 2.3, 2.5, 2.0, and 1.8% at floral budding, full flowering, immature fruit, and ripened fruit stages, respectively. gamma-Terpinene was the major compound of the EO at all developmental stages, except the ripened fruit stage when it was replaced by carvacrol (46.4%). The EOs exhibited strong antibacterial activities against the tested bacteria. Moreover, the EOs either inhibited or killed the examined yeasts at concentrations ranging from 0.03-8.0 microL/mL. Considering the wide range of antimicrobial activities of the examined EOs, they might have potential to be used in the management of infective agents. SN - 1934-578X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21922929/Influence_of_growth_phase_on_the_essential_oil_composition_and_antimicrobial_activities_of_Satureja_hortensis_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/antibiotics.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -