Recyclable and high-sensitivity electrochemical biosensing platform composed of carbon-doped TiO2 nanotube arrays.Anal Chem. 2011 Nov 01; 83(21):8138-44.AC
Electrode fouling and passivation are the main reasons for attenuated signals as well as reduced sensitivity and selectivity over time in electrochemical analysis. We report here a refreshable electrode composed of carbon-doped TiO(2) nanotube arrays (C-doped TiO(2)-NTAs), which not only has excellent electrochemical activity for simultaneous determination of 5-hydroxytryptamine and ascorbic acid but also can be easily photocatalytically refreshed to maintain the high selectivity and sensitivity. The C-doped TiO(2)-NTAs are fabricated by rapid annealing of as-anodized TiO(2)-NTAs in argon. The residual ethylene glycol absorbed on the nanotube wall acts as the carbon source and no foreign carbon precursor is thus needed. The morphology, structure, and composition the C-doped TiO(2)-NTAs are determined, and the corresponding doping mechanism is investigated by thermal analysis and in situ mass spectroscopy. Because of the high photocatalytic activity of the C-doped TiO(2)-NTAs electrode, the electrode surface can be readily regenerated by ultraviolet or visible light irradiation. This photoassisted regenerating technique does not damage the electrode microstructure while rendering high reproducibility and stability.