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[Langerhans cells in the physiopathology of atopic dermatitis].
Ann Dermatol Venereol. 1990; 117(3):185-93.AD

Abstract

INTRODUCTION.

Atopic dermatitis (AD), allergic rhino-conjunctivities and allergic asthma constitute the classical triad of atopic diathesis attended, in many cases, by high serum IgE levels. While the pathophysiology of IgE-mediated allergic respiratory diseases is now better understood, the pathophysiological significance of atopic phenomena in the genesis and control of AD is still far from being clear. Numerous clinical and laboratory data point to a pathophysiological relation between IgE-mediated reactions and AD, but no one yet knows by which mechanism this interaction takes place. Some recent studies suggest that Langerhans cells might well be the missing link. THE LANGERHANS CELLS. Langerhans cells (LC) are dendritic epidermal cells originating in the bone marrow and supposedly belonging to the monocyte lineage. Their circulating precursors, the mechanism of their migration into the epidermis and their relationship with other dendritic cells, such as the interdigitating follicular cells, are controverted. LC express numerous surface markers, such as class I and II HLA, CD1a, CD4 and receptors for complement and IgE Fc fragments. Under normal conditions, LC do not express IgE receptors. Ultrastructurally, LC are characterized by the presence of Birbeck granules in their cytoplasm. Among the presumed functions of LC in the skin, the best documented is the presentation of antigens to T lymphocytes in allergic contact dermatitis. LANGERHANS CELLS IN ATOPIC DERMATITIS. Quantitative studies. Modern immunohistological methods based on the reactivity of monoclonal anti-CD1a antibodies have given results that are sometimes conflicting due to differences in the quantification techniques utilized. However, morphometric enumeration of LC on cryostat sections have shown that their number is about the same in AD and in normal skin. PRESENCE OF IgE BEARING LANGERHANS CELLS IN ATOPIC DERMATITIS. The presence of IgE molecules on the LC surface has been demonstrated in subjects with AD. It must be noted that in atopic subjects IgE bearing Lc are only found in patients with high serum IgE levels. They are absent in asthma patients without eczema, irrespective of their serum IgE levels. Daily applications of corticosteroids on AD lesions result in a decrease of anti-IgE markers on LC after one week and in their complete disappearance after 2 weeks. IN ATOPIC DERMATITIS LANGERHANS CELLS EXPRESS A RECEPTOR SPECIFIC TO Fc FRAGMENTS OF IgE. The exact nature of the receptor for IgE expressed in situ in AD patients is still conjectural. Some authors have been able to demonstrate that the binding of IgE molecules by LC isolated from the skin of atopic patients is inhibited by a monoclonal antibody directed against the low affinity receptor (Fc epsilon R2) of eosinophils and macrophages. This strongly suggests that certain factors induce the expression by LC of an Fc epsilon R2 receptor. IN VITRO INDUCTION OF IgE RECEPTORS ON NORMAL LANGERHANS CELLS...

Authors+Show Affiliations

Clinique et Policlinique Dermatologique, l'Université Ludwig-Maximilian, Munich, RFA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Review

Language

fre

PubMed ID

2193589

Citation

Bieber, T, and C Bruijnzeel-Koomen. "[Langerhans Cells in the Physiopathology of Atopic Dermatitis]." Annales De Dermatologie Et De Venereologie, vol. 117, no. 3, 1990, pp. 185-93.
Bieber T, Bruijnzeel-Koomen C. [Langerhans cells in the physiopathology of atopic dermatitis]. Ann Dermatol Venereol. 1990;117(3):185-93.
Bieber, T., & Bruijnzeel-Koomen, C. (1990). [Langerhans cells in the physiopathology of atopic dermatitis]. Annales De Dermatologie Et De Venereologie, 117(3), 185-93.
Bieber T, Bruijnzeel-Koomen C. [Langerhans Cells in the Physiopathology of Atopic Dermatitis]. Ann Dermatol Venereol. 1990;117(3):185-93. PubMed PMID: 2193589.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Langerhans cells in the physiopathology of atopic dermatitis]. AU - Bieber,T, AU - Bruijnzeel-Koomen,C, PY - 1990/1/1/pubmed PY - 1990/1/1/medline PY - 1990/1/1/entrez SP - 185 EP - 93 JF - Annales de dermatologie et de venereologie JO - Ann Dermatol Venereol VL - 117 IS - 3 N2 - INTRODUCTION. Atopic dermatitis (AD), allergic rhino-conjunctivities and allergic asthma constitute the classical triad of atopic diathesis attended, in many cases, by high serum IgE levels. While the pathophysiology of IgE-mediated allergic respiratory diseases is now better understood, the pathophysiological significance of atopic phenomena in the genesis and control of AD is still far from being clear. Numerous clinical and laboratory data point to a pathophysiological relation between IgE-mediated reactions and AD, but no one yet knows by which mechanism this interaction takes place. Some recent studies suggest that Langerhans cells might well be the missing link. THE LANGERHANS CELLS. Langerhans cells (LC) are dendritic epidermal cells originating in the bone marrow and supposedly belonging to the monocyte lineage. Their circulating precursors, the mechanism of their migration into the epidermis and their relationship with other dendritic cells, such as the interdigitating follicular cells, are controverted. LC express numerous surface markers, such as class I and II HLA, CD1a, CD4 and receptors for complement and IgE Fc fragments. Under normal conditions, LC do not express IgE receptors. Ultrastructurally, LC are characterized by the presence of Birbeck granules in their cytoplasm. Among the presumed functions of LC in the skin, the best documented is the presentation of antigens to T lymphocytes in allergic contact dermatitis. LANGERHANS CELLS IN ATOPIC DERMATITIS. Quantitative studies. Modern immunohistological methods based on the reactivity of monoclonal anti-CD1a antibodies have given results that are sometimes conflicting due to differences in the quantification techniques utilized. However, morphometric enumeration of LC on cryostat sections have shown that their number is about the same in AD and in normal skin. PRESENCE OF IgE BEARING LANGERHANS CELLS IN ATOPIC DERMATITIS. The presence of IgE molecules on the LC surface has been demonstrated in subjects with AD. It must be noted that in atopic subjects IgE bearing Lc are only found in patients with high serum IgE levels. They are absent in asthma patients without eczema, irrespective of their serum IgE levels. Daily applications of corticosteroids on AD lesions result in a decrease of anti-IgE markers on LC after one week and in their complete disappearance after 2 weeks. IN ATOPIC DERMATITIS LANGERHANS CELLS EXPRESS A RECEPTOR SPECIFIC TO Fc FRAGMENTS OF IgE. The exact nature of the receptor for IgE expressed in situ in AD patients is still conjectural. Some authors have been able to demonstrate that the binding of IgE molecules by LC isolated from the skin of atopic patients is inhibited by a monoclonal antibody directed against the low affinity receptor (Fc epsilon R2) of eosinophils and macrophages. This strongly suggests that certain factors induce the expression by LC of an Fc epsilon R2 receptor. IN VITRO INDUCTION OF IgE RECEPTORS ON NORMAL LANGERHANS CELLS... SN - 0151-9638 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2193589/[Langerhans_cells_in_the_physiopathology_of_atopic_dermatitis]_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/9652 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -