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Silent witnesses: deaf-mutes in Graeco-Roman antiquity.

Abstract

This article highlights all known instances of individual deaf-mutes in antiquity, with special attention as to how their symptoms were described, which effects were emphasized, and in what context the cases were reported. Next, the Greek and Latin vocabulary to denote deaf-muteness will be examined. Then comparative anthropology, literary sources, papyri, inscriptions, and juridic cases are used to describe daily life conditions of deaf-mutes. As a conclusion, I suggest that misconceptions about the anatomy of deaf-muteness, combined with the focus on rhetoric, might have had an impact on the lives of the deaf-mutes and the approach towards these people, at lest in certain social environments.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Antwerp

Source

Classical world 104:4 2011 pg 451-73

MeSH

Deafness
Greek World
History, Ancient
Roman World

Pub Type(s)

Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21938882

Citation

TY - JOUR T1 - Silent witnesses: deaf-mutes in Graeco-Roman antiquity. A1 - Laes,Christian, PY - 2011/9/24/entrez PY - 2011/9/24/pubmed PY - 2011/10/1/medline SP - 451 EP - 73 JF - Classical world JO - Class World VL - 104 IS - 4 N2 - This article highlights all known instances of individual deaf-mutes in antiquity, with special attention as to how their symptoms were described, which effects were emphasized, and in what context the cases were reported. Next, the Greek and Latin vocabulary to denote deaf-muteness will be examined. Then comparative anthropology, literary sources, papyri, inscriptions, and juridic cases are used to describe daily life conditions of deaf-mutes. As a conclusion, I suggest that misconceptions about the anatomy of deaf-muteness, combined with the focus on rhetoric, might have had an impact on the lives of the deaf-mutes and the approach towards these people, at lest in certain social environments. SN - 0009-8418 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21938882/Silent_witnesses:_deaf_mutes_in_Graeco_Roman_antiquity_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/hearingdisordersanddeafness.html ER -