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Development and characterization of chitosan coated poly-(ɛ-caprolactone) nanoparticulate system for effective immunization against influenza.
Vaccine. 2011 Nov 08; 29(48):9026-37.V

Abstract

In this study surface coated poly-(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL) nanoparticles with chitosan (CS) were developed as a carrier system for nasal immunization using recombinant Influenza A virus (A/California/07/2009) H1N1 hemagglutinin (HA) protein, for the induction of humoral, cellular and mucosal immunity. CS coated PCL (CS-PCL) nanoparticles were characterized in vitro for their percent yield, size, shape, entrapment efficiency, loading capacity and zeta potential. The in vitro release and antigen integrity were also evaluated. Particles were prepared by an emulsion-diffusion-solvent evaporation method. The coated cationic nanoparticles of average size 125.64±6.51 nm with a narrow size distribution (pdi: 0.185±0.032) and a positive surface charge (+22.88 mV) were obtained. HA antigen was efficiently entrapped in CS-PCL nanoparticles (entrapment efficiency 74.84±4.51%, loading capacity 14±2% (w/w)). The molecular weight and antigenicity of the entrapped HA was maintained as shown by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and Western blotting, respectively. In vitro release study of antigen showed that about 66.47% of entrapped antigen was released within 63 days. The immune-stimulating activity was studied by measuring hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) titer, IgG, IgG1 and IgG2a titer, secretory IgA level in nasal and lung lavage (mucosal secretions) following nasal administration of modified CS-PCL nanoparticles in Balb/c mice and compared with soluble HA antigen administered intramuscular (IM) and with PCL (uncoated) nanoparticles administered intranasal (IN). The numbers of IFN-γ or IL-4 secreting cells in spleen homogenates were also measured 21 day after third immunization. Single IN or IM immunization with antigen-loaded CS-PCL nanoparticles resulted in strong HAI and total IgG responses. These responses were higher than those achieved after booster IM administration of the subunit antigen, whereas the IgG1/IgG2a profile did not change substantially. The IN administered antigen-CS-PCL nanoparticles induced higher immune responses compared to the other IN antigen formulations, and these responses were enhanced by IN booster vaccinations. Moreover, IM administered soluble HA antigen did not elicit s-IgA in mucosal secretions as it was induced and measured in the case of nasal administration of CS-PCL nanoparticles. In contrast to IM administered antigen CS-PCL nanoparticles induced a balanced Th1 and Th2 response. CS-PCL nanoparticles (cationic nanoparticles) thus produced humoral (both systemic and mucosal) and cellular immune responses upon nasal administration. These findings demonstrate high potential of CS-PCL nanoparticles for their use as a carrier adjuvant for nasal administered influenza antigens.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dr. Hari Singh Gour University, Sagar 470003, M.P., India.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21939718

Citation

Gupta, Nand Kishore, et al. "Development and Characterization of Chitosan Coated Poly-(ɛ-caprolactone) Nanoparticulate System for Effective Immunization Against Influenza." Vaccine, vol. 29, no. 48, 2011, pp. 9026-37.
Gupta NK, Tomar P, Sharma V, et al. Development and characterization of chitosan coated poly-(ɛ-caprolactone) nanoparticulate system for effective immunization against influenza. Vaccine. 2011;29(48):9026-37.
Gupta, N. K., Tomar, P., Sharma, V., & Dixit, V. K. (2011). Development and characterization of chitosan coated poly-(ɛ-caprolactone) nanoparticulate system for effective immunization against influenza. Vaccine, 29(48), 9026-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.09.033
Gupta NK, et al. Development and Characterization of Chitosan Coated Poly-(ɛ-caprolactone) Nanoparticulate System for Effective Immunization Against Influenza. Vaccine. 2011 Nov 8;29(48):9026-37. PubMed PMID: 21939718.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Development and characterization of chitosan coated poly-(ɛ-caprolactone) nanoparticulate system for effective immunization against influenza. AU - Gupta,Nand Kishore, AU - Tomar,Priti, AU - Sharma,Vikas, AU - Dixit,Vinod Kumar, Y1 - 2011/09/20/ PY - 2011/06/10/received PY - 2011/08/31/revised PY - 2011/09/09/accepted PY - 2011/9/24/entrez PY - 2011/9/24/pubmed PY - 2012/2/23/medline SP - 9026 EP - 37 JF - Vaccine JO - Vaccine VL - 29 IS - 48 N2 - In this study surface coated poly-(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL) nanoparticles with chitosan (CS) were developed as a carrier system for nasal immunization using recombinant Influenza A virus (A/California/07/2009) H1N1 hemagglutinin (HA) protein, for the induction of humoral, cellular and mucosal immunity. CS coated PCL (CS-PCL) nanoparticles were characterized in vitro for their percent yield, size, shape, entrapment efficiency, loading capacity and zeta potential. The in vitro release and antigen integrity were also evaluated. Particles were prepared by an emulsion-diffusion-solvent evaporation method. The coated cationic nanoparticles of average size 125.64±6.51 nm with a narrow size distribution (pdi: 0.185±0.032) and a positive surface charge (+22.88 mV) were obtained. HA antigen was efficiently entrapped in CS-PCL nanoparticles (entrapment efficiency 74.84±4.51%, loading capacity 14±2% (w/w)). The molecular weight and antigenicity of the entrapped HA was maintained as shown by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and Western blotting, respectively. In vitro release study of antigen showed that about 66.47% of entrapped antigen was released within 63 days. The immune-stimulating activity was studied by measuring hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) titer, IgG, IgG1 and IgG2a titer, secretory IgA level in nasal and lung lavage (mucosal secretions) following nasal administration of modified CS-PCL nanoparticles in Balb/c mice and compared with soluble HA antigen administered intramuscular (IM) and with PCL (uncoated) nanoparticles administered intranasal (IN). The numbers of IFN-γ or IL-4 secreting cells in spleen homogenates were also measured 21 day after third immunization. Single IN or IM immunization with antigen-loaded CS-PCL nanoparticles resulted in strong HAI and total IgG responses. These responses were higher than those achieved after booster IM administration of the subunit antigen, whereas the IgG1/IgG2a profile did not change substantially. The IN administered antigen-CS-PCL nanoparticles induced higher immune responses compared to the other IN antigen formulations, and these responses were enhanced by IN booster vaccinations. Moreover, IM administered soluble HA antigen did not elicit s-IgA in mucosal secretions as it was induced and measured in the case of nasal administration of CS-PCL nanoparticles. In contrast to IM administered antigen CS-PCL nanoparticles induced a balanced Th1 and Th2 response. CS-PCL nanoparticles (cationic nanoparticles) thus produced humoral (both systemic and mucosal) and cellular immune responses upon nasal administration. These findings demonstrate high potential of CS-PCL nanoparticles for their use as a carrier adjuvant for nasal administered influenza antigens. SN - 1873-2518 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21939718/Development_and_characterization_of_chitosan_coated_poly__ɛ_caprolactone__nanoparticulate_system_for_effective_immunization_against_influenza_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0264-410X(11)01439-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -