Fibroblast growth factor 2 and protein kinase C alpha are involved in syndecan-4 cytoplasmic domain modulation of turkey myogenic satellite cell proliferation.Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2012 Jan; 161(1):44-52.CB
Syndecan-4 core protein is composed of extracellular, transmembrane, and cytoplasmic domains. The cytoplasmic domain functions in transmitting signals into the cell through the protein kinase C alpha (PKCα) pathway. The glycosaminoglycan (GAG) and N-linked glycosylated (N-glycosylated) chains attached to the extracellular domain influence cell proliferation. The current study investigated the function of syndecan-4 cytoplasmic domain in combination with GAG and N-glycosylated chains in turkey muscle cell proliferation, differentiation, fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) responsiveness, and PKCα membrane localization. Syndecan-4 or syndecan-4 without the cytoplasmic domain and with or without the GAG and N-glycosylated chains were transfected or co-transfected with a small interfering RNA targeting syndecan-4 cytoplasmic domain into turkey muscle satellite cells. The overexpression of syndecan-4 mutants increased cell proliferation but did not change differentiation. Syndecan-4 mutants had increased cellular responsiveness to FGF2 during proliferation. Syndecan-4 increased PKCα cell membrane localization, whereas the syndecan-4 mutants decreased PKCα cell membrane localization compared to syndecan-4. However, compared to the cells without transfection, syndecan-4 mutants increased cell membrane localization of PKCα. These data indicated that the syndecan-4 cytoplasmic domain and the GAG and N-glycosylated chains are critical in syndecan-4 regulating satellite cell proliferation, responsiveness to FGF2, and PKCα cell membrane localization.