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Eradicating and eliminating infectious diseases: past, present and future.
Indian J Public Health 2011 Apr-Jun; 55(2):81-7IJ

Abstract

During the past 60 years, a number of infectious diseases have been targeted for eradication or elimination, with mixed results. While smallpox is the only one successfully eradicated so far, campaigns on yaws and malaria brought about a dramatic reduction in the incidence in the beginning of the campaign but ultimately could not achieve the desired goal. There is again a renewed interest in disease eradication. The World Health assembly in May 2010 passed a resolution calling for eradication of measles by 2015; the target of polio eradication still remains elusive. In view of these developments, it is appropriate time to revisit the concept of disease eradication and elimination, the achievements and failures of past eradication programmes and reasons thereof, and possibly apply these lessons while planning for the future activities. This paper based on the Dr. A.L.Saha Memorial Oration describes various infectious diseases that have been targeted for eradication or elimination since 1950s, the potential direct and indirect benefits from disease eradication, and the issues and opportunities for the future.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Sustainable Development and Healthy Environments, World Health Organization, New Delhi, India. narainj@searo.who.int

Pub Type(s)

Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21941041

Citation

Narain, Jai P.. "Eradicating and Eliminating Infectious Diseases: Past, Present and Future." Indian Journal of Public Health, vol. 55, no. 2, 2011, pp. 81-7.
Narain JP. Eradicating and eliminating infectious diseases: past, present and future. Indian J Public Health. 2011;55(2):81-7.
Narain, J. P. (2011). Eradicating and eliminating infectious diseases: past, present and future. Indian Journal of Public Health, 55(2), pp. 81-7. doi:10.4103/0019-557X.85236.
Narain JP. Eradicating and Eliminating Infectious Diseases: Past, Present and Future. Indian J Public Health. 2011;55(2):81-7. PubMed PMID: 21941041.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Eradicating and eliminating infectious diseases: past, present and future. A1 - Narain,Jai P, PY - 2011/9/24/entrez PY - 2011/9/24/pubmed PY - 2011/12/16/medline SP - 81 EP - 7 JF - Indian journal of public health JO - Indian J Public Health VL - 55 IS - 2 N2 - During the past 60 years, a number of infectious diseases have been targeted for eradication or elimination, with mixed results. While smallpox is the only one successfully eradicated so far, campaigns on yaws and malaria brought about a dramatic reduction in the incidence in the beginning of the campaign but ultimately could not achieve the desired goal. There is again a renewed interest in disease eradication. The World Health assembly in May 2010 passed a resolution calling for eradication of measles by 2015; the target of polio eradication still remains elusive. In view of these developments, it is appropriate time to revisit the concept of disease eradication and elimination, the achievements and failures of past eradication programmes and reasons thereof, and possibly apply these lessons while planning for the future activities. This paper based on the Dr. A.L.Saha Memorial Oration describes various infectious diseases that have been targeted for eradication or elimination since 1950s, the potential direct and indirect benefits from disease eradication, and the issues and opportunities for the future. SN - 0019-557X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21941041/Eradicating_and_eliminating_infectious_diseases:_past_present_and_future_ L2 - http://www.ijph.in/article.asp?issn=0019-557X;year=2011;volume=55;issue=2;spage=81;epage=87;aulast=Narain DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -