Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Strength training increases the size of the satellite cell pool in type I and II fibres of chronically painful trapezius muscle in females.
J Physiol. 2011 Nov 15; 589(Pt 22):5503-15.JP

Abstract

While strength training has been shown to be effective in mediating hypertrophy and reducing pain in trapezius myalgia, responses at the cellular level have not previously been studied. This study investigated the potential of strength training targeting the affected muscles (SST, n = 18) and general fitness training (GFT, n = 16) to augment the satellite cell (SC) and macrophage pools in the trapezius muscles of women diagnosed with trapezius myalgia. A group receiving general health information (REF, n = 8) served as a control. Muscle biopsies were collected from the trapezius muscles of the 42 women (age 44 ± 8 years; mean ± SD) before and after the 10 week intervention period and were analysed by immunohistochemistry for SCs, macrophages and myonuclei. The SC content of type I and II fibres was observed to increase significantly from baseline by 65% and 164%, respectively, with SST (P < 0.0001), together with a significant correlation between the baseline number of SCs and the extent of hypertrophy (r = -0.669, P = 0.005). SST also resulted in a 74% enhancement of the trapezius macrophage content (P < 0.01), accompanied by evidence for the presence of an increased number of actively dividing cells (Ki67(+)) post-SST (P < 0.001). GFT resulted in a significant 23% increase in the SC content of type II fibres, when expressed relative to myonuclear number only (P < 0.05). No changes in the number of myonuclei per fibre or myonuclear domain were detected in any group. These findings provide strong support at the cellular level for the potential of SST to induce a strong myogenic response in this population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery M, Bispebjerg Hospital, and Centre for Healthy Ageing, Faculty of Health Sciences,University of Copenhagen, Denmark. abigail.mackey@gmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21946848

Citation

Mackey, Abigail L., et al. "Strength Training Increases the Size of the Satellite Cell Pool in Type I and II Fibres of Chronically Painful Trapezius Muscle in Females." The Journal of Physiology, vol. 589, no. Pt 22, 2011, pp. 5503-15.
Mackey AL, Andersen LL, Frandsen U, et al. Strength training increases the size of the satellite cell pool in type I and II fibres of chronically painful trapezius muscle in females. J Physiol. 2011;589(Pt 22):5503-15.
Mackey, A. L., Andersen, L. L., Frandsen, U., & Sjøgaard, G. (2011). Strength training increases the size of the satellite cell pool in type I and II fibres of chronically painful trapezius muscle in females. The Journal of Physiology, 589(Pt 22), 5503-15. https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2011.217885
Mackey AL, et al. Strength Training Increases the Size of the Satellite Cell Pool in Type I and II Fibres of Chronically Painful Trapezius Muscle in Females. J Physiol. 2011 Nov 15;589(Pt 22):5503-15. PubMed PMID: 21946848.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Strength training increases the size of the satellite cell pool in type I and II fibres of chronically painful trapezius muscle in females. AU - Mackey,Abigail L, AU - Andersen,Lars L, AU - Frandsen,Ulrik, AU - Sjøgaard,Gisela, Y1 - 2011/09/26/ PY - 2011/9/28/entrez PY - 2011/9/29/pubmed PY - 2012/5/31/medline SP - 5503 EP - 15 JF - The Journal of physiology JO - J Physiol VL - 589 IS - Pt 22 N2 - While strength training has been shown to be effective in mediating hypertrophy and reducing pain in trapezius myalgia, responses at the cellular level have not previously been studied. This study investigated the potential of strength training targeting the affected muscles (SST, n = 18) and general fitness training (GFT, n = 16) to augment the satellite cell (SC) and macrophage pools in the trapezius muscles of women diagnosed with trapezius myalgia. A group receiving general health information (REF, n = 8) served as a control. Muscle biopsies were collected from the trapezius muscles of the 42 women (age 44 ± 8 years; mean ± SD) before and after the 10 week intervention period and were analysed by immunohistochemistry for SCs, macrophages and myonuclei. The SC content of type I and II fibres was observed to increase significantly from baseline by 65% and 164%, respectively, with SST (P < 0.0001), together with a significant correlation between the baseline number of SCs and the extent of hypertrophy (r = -0.669, P = 0.005). SST also resulted in a 74% enhancement of the trapezius macrophage content (P < 0.01), accompanied by evidence for the presence of an increased number of actively dividing cells (Ki67(+)) post-SST (P < 0.001). GFT resulted in a significant 23% increase in the SC content of type II fibres, when expressed relative to myonuclear number only (P < 0.05). No changes in the number of myonuclei per fibre or myonuclear domain were detected in any group. These findings provide strong support at the cellular level for the potential of SST to induce a strong myogenic response in this population. SN - 1469-7793 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21946848/Strength_training_increases_the_size_of_the_satellite_cell_pool_in_type_I_and_II_fibres_of_chronically_painful_trapezius_muscle_in_females_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2011.217885 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -