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Beverage consumption among European adolescents in the HELENA study.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2012 Feb; 66(2):244-52.EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES

Our objective was to describe the fluid and energy consumption of beverages in a large sample of European adolescents.

SUBJECTS/METHODS

We used data from 2741 European adolescents residing in 8 countries participating in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence Cross-Sectional Study (HELENA-CSS). We averaged two 24-h recalls, collected using the HELENA-dietary assessment tool. By gender and age subgroup (12.5-14.9 years and 15-17.5 years), we examined per capita and per consumer fluid (milliliters (ml)) and energy (kilojoules (kJ)) intake from beverages and percentage consuming 10 different beverage groups.

RESULTS

Mean beverage consumption was 1611 ml/day in boys and 1316 ml/day in girls. Energy intake from beverages was about 1966 kJ/day and 1289 kJ/day in European boys and girls, respectively, with sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) (carbonated and non-carbonated beverages, including soft drinks, fruit drinks and powders/concentrates) contributing to daily energy intake more than other groups of beverages. Boys and older adolescents consumed the most amount of per capita total energy from beverages. Among all age and gender subgroups, SSBs, sweetened milk (including chocolate milk and flavored yogurt drinks all with added sugar), low-fat milk and fruit juice provided the highest amount of per capita energy. Water was consumed by the largest percentage of adolescents followed by SSBs, fruit juice and sweetened milk. Among consumers, water provided the greatest fluid intake and sweetened milk accounted for the largest amount of energy intake followed by SSBs. Patterns of energy intake from each beverage varied between countries.

CONCLUSIONS

European adolescents consume an average of 1455 ml/day of beverages, with the largest proportion of consumers and the largest fluid amount coming from water. Beverages provide 1609 kJ/day, of which 30.4%, 20.7% and 18.1% comes from SSBs, sweetened milk and fruit juice, respectively.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516-3997, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21952695

Citation

Duffey, K J., et al. "Beverage Consumption Among European Adolescents in the HELENA Study." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 66, no. 2, 2012, pp. 244-52.
Duffey KJ, Huybrechts I, Mouratidou T, et al. Beverage consumption among European adolescents in the HELENA study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2012;66(2):244-52.
Duffey, K. J., Huybrechts, I., Mouratidou, T., Libuda, L., Kersting, M., De Vriendt, T., Gottrand, F., Widhalm, K., Dallongeville, J., Hallström, L., González-Gross, M., De Henauw, S., Moreno, L. A., & Popkin, B. M. (2012). Beverage consumption among European adolescents in the HELENA study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 66(2), 244-52. https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2011.166
Duffey KJ, et al. Beverage Consumption Among European Adolescents in the HELENA Study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2012;66(2):244-52. PubMed PMID: 21952695.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Beverage consumption among European adolescents in the HELENA study. AU - Duffey,K J, AU - Huybrechts,I, AU - Mouratidou,T, AU - Libuda,L, AU - Kersting,M, AU - De Vriendt,T, AU - Gottrand,F, AU - Widhalm,K, AU - Dallongeville,J, AU - Hallström,L, AU - González-Gross,M, AU - De Henauw,S, AU - Moreno,L A, AU - Popkin,B M, AU - ,, Y1 - 2011/09/28/ PY - 2011/9/29/entrez PY - 2011/9/29/pubmed PY - 2012/6/19/medline SP - 244 EP - 52 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 66 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to describe the fluid and energy consumption of beverages in a large sample of European adolescents. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We used data from 2741 European adolescents residing in 8 countries participating in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence Cross-Sectional Study (HELENA-CSS). We averaged two 24-h recalls, collected using the HELENA-dietary assessment tool. By gender and age subgroup (12.5-14.9 years and 15-17.5 years), we examined per capita and per consumer fluid (milliliters (ml)) and energy (kilojoules (kJ)) intake from beverages and percentage consuming 10 different beverage groups. RESULTS: Mean beverage consumption was 1611 ml/day in boys and 1316 ml/day in girls. Energy intake from beverages was about 1966 kJ/day and 1289 kJ/day in European boys and girls, respectively, with sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) (carbonated and non-carbonated beverages, including soft drinks, fruit drinks and powders/concentrates) contributing to daily energy intake more than other groups of beverages. Boys and older adolescents consumed the most amount of per capita total energy from beverages. Among all age and gender subgroups, SSBs, sweetened milk (including chocolate milk and flavored yogurt drinks all with added sugar), low-fat milk and fruit juice provided the highest amount of per capita energy. Water was consumed by the largest percentage of adolescents followed by SSBs, fruit juice and sweetened milk. Among consumers, water provided the greatest fluid intake and sweetened milk accounted for the largest amount of energy intake followed by SSBs. Patterns of energy intake from each beverage varied between countries. CONCLUSIONS: European adolescents consume an average of 1455 ml/day of beverages, with the largest proportion of consumers and the largest fluid amount coming from water. Beverages provide 1609 kJ/day, of which 30.4%, 20.7% and 18.1% comes from SSBs, sweetened milk and fruit juice, respectively. SN - 1476-5640 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21952695/Beverage_consumption_among_European_adolescents_in_the_HELENA_study_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2011.166 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -