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Beverage patterns and trends among school-aged children in the US, 1989-2008.
Nutr J. 2011 Oct 02; 10:103.NJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

High intake of sugar-sweetened beverages in childhood is linked to increased risk of obesity and type II diabetes later in life. Using three nationally representative surveys of dietary intake, we investigated beverage patterns and trends among US school-aged children from 1989/91 to 2007/08.

METHODS

3, 583 participants ages 6-11 y old were included. We reported per capita trends in beverage consumption, percent consuming, and amount per consumer for the following categories of beverages: sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), caloric nutritional beverages (CNB) and low calorie beverages (LCB). Statistically significant differences were tested using the Student's t test in Stata 11.

RESULTS

While per capita kcal contribution from total beverages remained constant over the study period, per capita consumption of SSBs increased and CNBs decreased in similar magnitude. The substantial increase in consumption of certain SSBs, such as fruit drinks and soda, high fat high sugar milk, and sports drinks, coupled with the decrease in consumption of high fat low sugar milk was responsible for this shift. The percent consuming SSBs as well as the amount per consumer increased significantly over time. Per capita intake of total milk declined, but the caloric contribution from high fat high sugar milk increased substantially. Among ethnicities, important differences in consumption trends of certain SSBs and 100% juice indicate the complexity in determining strategies for children's beverage calorie reduction.

CONCLUSIONS

As upward trends of SSB consumption parallel increases in childhood obesity, educational and policy interventions should be considered.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA. popkin@unc.edu.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21962086

Citation

Lasater, Gentry, et al. "Beverage Patterns and Trends Among School-aged Children in the US, 1989-2008." Nutrition Journal, vol. 10, 2011, p. 103.
Lasater G, Piernas C, Popkin BM. Beverage patterns and trends among school-aged children in the US, 1989-2008. Nutr J. 2011;10:103.
Lasater, G., Piernas, C., & Popkin, B. M. (2011). Beverage patterns and trends among school-aged children in the US, 1989-2008. Nutrition Journal, 10, 103. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-10-103
Lasater G, Piernas C, Popkin BM. Beverage Patterns and Trends Among School-aged Children in the US, 1989-2008. Nutr J. 2011 Oct 2;10:103. PubMed PMID: 21962086.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Beverage patterns and trends among school-aged children in the US, 1989-2008. AU - Lasater,Gentry, AU - Piernas,Carmen, AU - Popkin,Barry M, Y1 - 2011/10/02/ PY - 2011/06/24/received PY - 2011/10/02/accepted PY - 2011/10/4/entrez PY - 2011/10/4/pubmed PY - 2012/1/13/medline SP - 103 EP - 103 JF - Nutrition journal JO - Nutr J VL - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND: High intake of sugar-sweetened beverages in childhood is linked to increased risk of obesity and type II diabetes later in life. Using three nationally representative surveys of dietary intake, we investigated beverage patterns and trends among US school-aged children from 1989/91 to 2007/08. METHODS: 3, 583 participants ages 6-11 y old were included. We reported per capita trends in beverage consumption, percent consuming, and amount per consumer for the following categories of beverages: sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), caloric nutritional beverages (CNB) and low calorie beverages (LCB). Statistically significant differences were tested using the Student's t test in Stata 11. RESULTS: While per capita kcal contribution from total beverages remained constant over the study period, per capita consumption of SSBs increased and CNBs decreased in similar magnitude. The substantial increase in consumption of certain SSBs, such as fruit drinks and soda, high fat high sugar milk, and sports drinks, coupled with the decrease in consumption of high fat low sugar milk was responsible for this shift. The percent consuming SSBs as well as the amount per consumer increased significantly over time. Per capita intake of total milk declined, but the caloric contribution from high fat high sugar milk increased substantially. Among ethnicities, important differences in consumption trends of certain SSBs and 100% juice indicate the complexity in determining strategies for children's beverage calorie reduction. CONCLUSIONS: As upward trends of SSB consumption parallel increases in childhood obesity, educational and policy interventions should be considered. SN - 1475-2891 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21962086/Beverage_patterns_and_trends_among_school_aged_children_in_the_US_1989_2008_ L2 - https://nutritionj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1475-2891-10-103 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -