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Bioactive compounds extracted from Indian wild legume seeds: antioxidant and type II diabetes-related enzyme inhibition properties.
Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2012 Mar; 63(2):242-5.IJ

Abstract

Seven different wild legume seeds (Acacia leucophloea, Bauhinia variegata, Canavalia gladiata, Entada scandens, Mucuna pruriens, Sesbania bispinosa and Tamarindus indica) from various parts of India were analyzed for total free phenolics, l-Dopa (l-3,4 dihydroxyphenylalanine), phytic acid and their antioxidant capacity (ferric-reducing antioxidant power [FRAP] and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl [DPPH] assay) and type II diabetes-related enzyme inhibition activitiy (α-amylase). S. bispinosa had the highest content in both total free phenolics and l-Dopa, and relatively low phytic acid when compared with other seeds. Phytic acid content, being highest in E. scandens, M. pruriens and T. indica, was highly predictive for FRAP (r = 0.47, p < 0.05) and DPPH (r = 0.66, p < 0.001) assays. The phenolic extract from T. indica and l-Dopa extract from E. scandens showed significantly higher FRAP values among others. All seed extracts demonstrated a remarkable reducing power (7-145 mM FeSO4 per mg extract), DPPH radical scavenging activity (16-95%) and α-amylase enzyme inhibition activity (28-40%).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany. gautambazz@googlemail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21970446

Citation

Gautam, Basanta, et al. "Bioactive Compounds Extracted From Indian Wild Legume Seeds: Antioxidant and Type II Diabetes-related Enzyme Inhibition Properties." International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, vol. 63, no. 2, 2012, pp. 242-5.
Gautam B, Vadivel V, Stuetz W, et al. Bioactive compounds extracted from Indian wild legume seeds: antioxidant and type II diabetes-related enzyme inhibition properties. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2012;63(2):242-5.
Gautam, B., Vadivel, V., Stuetz, W., & Biesalski, H. K. (2012). Bioactive compounds extracted from Indian wild legume seeds: antioxidant and type II diabetes-related enzyme inhibition properties. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 63(2), 242-5. https://doi.org/10.3109/09637486.2011.621413
Gautam B, et al. Bioactive Compounds Extracted From Indian Wild Legume Seeds: Antioxidant and Type II Diabetes-related Enzyme Inhibition Properties. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2012;63(2):242-5. PubMed PMID: 21970446.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Bioactive compounds extracted from Indian wild legume seeds: antioxidant and type II diabetes-related enzyme inhibition properties. AU - Gautam,Basanta, AU - Vadivel,Vellingiri, AU - Stuetz,Wolfgang, AU - Biesalski,Hans K, Y1 - 2011/10/04/ PY - 2011/10/6/entrez PY - 2011/10/6/pubmed PY - 2012/6/22/medline SP - 242 EP - 5 JF - International journal of food sciences and nutrition JO - Int J Food Sci Nutr VL - 63 IS - 2 N2 - Seven different wild legume seeds (Acacia leucophloea, Bauhinia variegata, Canavalia gladiata, Entada scandens, Mucuna pruriens, Sesbania bispinosa and Tamarindus indica) from various parts of India were analyzed for total free phenolics, l-Dopa (l-3,4 dihydroxyphenylalanine), phytic acid and their antioxidant capacity (ferric-reducing antioxidant power [FRAP] and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl [DPPH] assay) and type II diabetes-related enzyme inhibition activitiy (α-amylase). S. bispinosa had the highest content in both total free phenolics and l-Dopa, and relatively low phytic acid when compared with other seeds. Phytic acid content, being highest in E. scandens, M. pruriens and T. indica, was highly predictive for FRAP (r = 0.47, p < 0.05) and DPPH (r = 0.66, p < 0.001) assays. The phenolic extract from T. indica and l-Dopa extract from E. scandens showed significantly higher FRAP values among others. All seed extracts demonstrated a remarkable reducing power (7-145 mM FeSO4 per mg extract), DPPH radical scavenging activity (16-95%) and α-amylase enzyme inhibition activity (28-40%). SN - 1465-3478 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21970446/Bioactive_compounds_extracted_from_Indian_wild_legume_seeds:_antioxidant_and_type_II_diabetes_related_enzyme_inhibition_properties_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/09637486.2011.621413 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -