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Do surprised faces affect infants' attention toward novel objects?
Neuroreport. 2011 Dec 07; 22(17):906-10.N

Abstract

Previous research has shown that expressions of fear have an effect on infants' object processing. This event-related potential study addresses the question whether surprised faces affect infants' brain responses to objects in a similar way, as both expressions share a crucial perceptual feature, wide-opened eyes. Three-month and 9-month-old infants were presented with surprised and neutral faces gazing toward objects. Following each face looking toward an object, the object was presented again without the face. Three-month-olds directed an increased attention to objects that were previously gaze cued by a surprised compared with neutral face as indicated by an enhanced negative central component. This replicates earlier findings using fearful compared with neutral faces as stimuli. Nine-month-olds did not show different responses to objects in both conditions. This suggests that surprised faces have the same effect as fearful faces on 3-month-olds', but not on 9-month-olds' object processing. The findings are discussed in terms of social cognitive and visuoperceptual development.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. stefanie.hoehl@psychologie.uni-heidelberg.deNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21971442

Citation

Hoehl, Stefanie, and Sabina Pauen. "Do Surprised Faces Affect Infants' Attention Toward Novel Objects?" Neuroreport, vol. 22, no. 17, 2011, pp. 906-10.
Hoehl S, Pauen S. Do surprised faces affect infants' attention toward novel objects? Neuroreport. 2011;22(17):906-10.
Hoehl, S., & Pauen, S. (2011). Do surprised faces affect infants' attention toward novel objects? Neuroreport, 22(17), 906-10. https://doi.org/10.1097/WNR.0b013e32834cd751
Hoehl S, Pauen S. Do Surprised Faces Affect Infants' Attention Toward Novel Objects. Neuroreport. 2011 Dec 7;22(17):906-10. PubMed PMID: 21971442.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Do surprised faces affect infants' attention toward novel objects? AU - Hoehl,Stefanie, AU - Pauen,Sabina, PY - 2011/10/6/entrez PY - 2011/10/6/pubmed PY - 2012/8/9/medline SP - 906 EP - 10 JF - Neuroreport JO - Neuroreport VL - 22 IS - 17 N2 - Previous research has shown that expressions of fear have an effect on infants' object processing. This event-related potential study addresses the question whether surprised faces affect infants' brain responses to objects in a similar way, as both expressions share a crucial perceptual feature, wide-opened eyes. Three-month and 9-month-old infants were presented with surprised and neutral faces gazing toward objects. Following each face looking toward an object, the object was presented again without the face. Three-month-olds directed an increased attention to objects that were previously gaze cued by a surprised compared with neutral face as indicated by an enhanced negative central component. This replicates earlier findings using fearful compared with neutral faces as stimuli. Nine-month-olds did not show different responses to objects in both conditions. This suggests that surprised faces have the same effect as fearful faces on 3-month-olds', but not on 9-month-olds' object processing. The findings are discussed in terms of social cognitive and visuoperceptual development. SN - 1473-558X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21971442/Do_surprised_faces_affect_infants'_attention_toward_novel_objects L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/WNR.0b013e32834cd751 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -