Folic acid supplementation in early pregnancy and asthma in children aged 6 years.Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Jan; 206(1):72.e1-7.AJ
The objective of the study was to assess whether folic acid intake during the first trimester of pregnancy is related to asthma in the offspring by the age of 6 years.
This was a prospective cohort study of 1499 women who were followed up from the first trimester of pregnancy. Their children were followed up until they were 6 years old.
Fifty-one percent of the women used folic acid in the month before conception and 88% in the third month of pregnancy. The adjusted odds ratio for asthma per 100 μm increase in the average daily intake of folic acid was 0.98 (95% confidence interval, 0.93-1.04). For categories of daily folate intake, there was no evidence of associations with childhood asthma or evidence of any dose response relation for any time period (all P(trend) > .05).
Our results do not support any association of folic acid supplementation in pregnancy and asthma risk in offspring by age 6 years.