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Use of an inguinal approach adapted from equine surgery for cryptorchidectomy in dogs and cats: 26 cases (1999-2010).
J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2011 Oct 15; 239(8):1098-103.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

-To determine whether a surgical technique used in cryptorchid horses can be used successfully to remove testicles retained in the inguinal region or abdominal cavity in dogs and cats. DESIGN-Retrospective case series. ANIMALS-22 dogs and 4 cats with cryptorchidism. PROCEDURES-In 1999 through 2010, 26 cryptorchid patients underwent surgery during which an incision was made over the inguinal ring and the undescended testicle was located for removal via identification of the vaginal process and the embryonic gubernaculum. Castration was performed once a testicle was located in the inguinal region or via removal of an intra-abdominally located testicle through the inguinal canal.

RESULTS

-4 dogs and 1 cat were bilaterally cryptorchid. Testicles were retained in the abdominal cavity in 18 dogs and in the inguinal region in 4 dogs; in all 4 cats, undescended testicles were located in the inguinal region. Twenty-one dogs and 4 cats were castrated without breaching the abdominal cavity; in one of those dogs, the inguinal ring was enlarged to permit extraction of a tumorous testicle. In 1 dog, the inguinal ring was enlarged into a paramedian laparotomy and viscera were manipulated to exteriorize an intra-abdominally located testicle because the gubernaculum had ruptured. Major intraoperative or long-term complications did not occur.

CONCLUSIONS

AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE-Results suggested that as in horses, the surgical approach over the inguinal ring, wherein the vaginal process and the remnant of the gubernaculum are identified and used to locate an undescended testicle for removal, can be used successfully in dogs and cats.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Surgical Consulting Practice, Norwalk, CT 06854, USA. robsteckel@optonline.net

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21985352

Citation

Steckel, Robert R.. "Use of an Inguinal Approach Adapted From Equine Surgery for Cryptorchidectomy in Dogs and Cats: 26 Cases (1999-2010)." Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, vol. 239, no. 8, 2011, pp. 1098-103.
Steckel RR. Use of an inguinal approach adapted from equine surgery for cryptorchidectomy in dogs and cats: 26 cases (1999-2010). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2011;239(8):1098-103.
Steckel, R. R. (2011). Use of an inguinal approach adapted from equine surgery for cryptorchidectomy in dogs and cats: 26 cases (1999-2010). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 239(8), 1098-103. https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.239.8.1098
Steckel RR. Use of an Inguinal Approach Adapted From Equine Surgery for Cryptorchidectomy in Dogs and Cats: 26 Cases (1999-2010). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2011 Oct 15;239(8):1098-103. PubMed PMID: 21985352.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Use of an inguinal approach adapted from equine surgery for cryptorchidectomy in dogs and cats: 26 cases (1999-2010). A1 - Steckel,Robert R, PY - 2011/10/12/entrez PY - 2011/10/12/pubmed PY - 2012/3/1/medline SP - 1098 EP - 103 JF - Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association JO - J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. VL - 239 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVE-To determine whether a surgical technique used in cryptorchid horses can be used successfully to remove testicles retained in the inguinal region or abdominal cavity in dogs and cats. DESIGN-Retrospective case series. ANIMALS-22 dogs and 4 cats with cryptorchidism. PROCEDURES-In 1999 through 2010, 26 cryptorchid patients underwent surgery during which an incision was made over the inguinal ring and the undescended testicle was located for removal via identification of the vaginal process and the embryonic gubernaculum. Castration was performed once a testicle was located in the inguinal region or via removal of an intra-abdominally located testicle through the inguinal canal. RESULTS-4 dogs and 1 cat were bilaterally cryptorchid. Testicles were retained in the abdominal cavity in 18 dogs and in the inguinal region in 4 dogs; in all 4 cats, undescended testicles were located in the inguinal region. Twenty-one dogs and 4 cats were castrated without breaching the abdominal cavity; in one of those dogs, the inguinal ring was enlarged to permit extraction of a tumorous testicle. In 1 dog, the inguinal ring was enlarged into a paramedian laparotomy and viscera were manipulated to exteriorize an intra-abdominally located testicle because the gubernaculum had ruptured. Major intraoperative or long-term complications did not occur. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE-Results suggested that as in horses, the surgical approach over the inguinal ring, wherein the vaginal process and the remnant of the gubernaculum are identified and used to locate an undescended testicle for removal, can be used successfully in dogs and cats. SN - 1943-569X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21985352/Use_of_an_inguinal_approach_adapted_from_equine_surgery_for_cryptorchidectomy_in_dogs_and_cats:_26_cases__1999_2010__ L2 - http://avmajournals.avma.org/doi/full/10.2460/javma.239.8.1098?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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