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Youth victimization: school climate or deviant lifestyles?
J Interpers Violence. 2012 Feb; 27(3):431-52.JI

Abstract

Despite much focus on school violence, there has been little research that explores the relationship between offending and victimization in various school climates. School climate theory suggests that the school's social system, culture, milieu, and ecological structure affect student outcomes including academic performance, delinquency, and more recently, victimization. Hierarchical analysis of data from 5,037 11th-grade students in 33 schools found that offending behavior was the strongest predictor for both minor and more serious forms of victimization. School climate, specifically the social cohesion of schools, reduced serious violent victimization risk. However, school climate did not affect the relationship between offending and victimization, and was not substantially modified when characteristics of the school environment were considered.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Massachusetts-Boston, MA, USA. heather.zaykowski@umb.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21987507

Citation

Zaykowski, Heather, and Whitney Gunter. "Youth Victimization: School Climate or Deviant Lifestyles?" Journal of Interpersonal Violence, vol. 27, no. 3, 2012, pp. 431-52.
Zaykowski H, Gunter W. Youth victimization: school climate or deviant lifestyles? J Interpers Violence. 2012;27(3):431-52.
Zaykowski, H., & Gunter, W. (2012). Youth victimization: school climate or deviant lifestyles? Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 27(3), 431-52. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260511421678
Zaykowski H, Gunter W. Youth Victimization: School Climate or Deviant Lifestyles. J Interpers Violence. 2012;27(3):431-52. PubMed PMID: 21987507.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Youth victimization: school climate or deviant lifestyles? AU - Zaykowski,Heather, AU - Gunter,Whitney, Y1 - 2011/10/10/ PY - 2011/10/12/entrez PY - 2011/10/12/pubmed PY - 2012/6/5/medline SP - 431 EP - 52 JF - Journal of interpersonal violence JO - J Interpers Violence VL - 27 IS - 3 N2 - Despite much focus on school violence, there has been little research that explores the relationship between offending and victimization in various school climates. School climate theory suggests that the school's social system, culture, milieu, and ecological structure affect student outcomes including academic performance, delinquency, and more recently, victimization. Hierarchical analysis of data from 5,037 11th-grade students in 33 schools found that offending behavior was the strongest predictor for both minor and more serious forms of victimization. School climate, specifically the social cohesion of schools, reduced serious violent victimization risk. However, school climate did not affect the relationship between offending and victimization, and was not substantially modified when characteristics of the school environment were considered. SN - 1552-6518 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21987507/Youth_victimization:_school_climate_or_deviant_lifestyles L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0886260511421678?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -