Population pharmacokinetics of ciclosporin in haematopoietic allogeneic stem cell transplantation with emphasis on limited sampling strategy.Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2012 Apr; 73(4):553-63.BJ
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT • The population pharmacokinetics and limited sampling strategies for ciclosporin monitoring have been extensively studied in renal and liver transplant recipients. Little is known about the pharmacokinetics of ciclosporin in patients undergoing haematopoietic allogeneic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). • It is anticipated that there is a difference in pharmacokinetics in patients after kidney or liver transplantation compared with patients undergoing stem cell transplantation, because of mucositis and interacting drugs (e.g. fluconazole). • Data on the pharmacokinetics of ciclosporin and the relationship between its systemic exposure, as reflected by the area under the curve (AUC), and the biological effect as graft vs. host-disease (GVHD) prophylaxis and graft vs. tumour (GVT) response are scarce in patients after HSCT. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS • A pharmacokinetic model was developed for orally and intravenously administered ciclosporin, enabling an adequate estimate of the systemic exposure of ciclosporin in patients after HSCT. A limited sampling strategy was tested that may serve as a tool to study the optimum systemic exposure (AUC) of ciclosporin in HSCT to prevent GVHD but establish adequate GVT response and to guide therapeutic drug monitoring. AIM To develop a population pharmacokinetic model of ciclosporin (CsA) in haematopoietic allogeneic stem cell transplantation to facilitate a limited sampling strategy to determine systemic exposure (area under the curve [AUC]), in order to optimize CsA therapy in this patient population.