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[Effects of two different types of whole body vibration on neuromuscular performance and body composition in postmenopausal women].
Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2011 Oct; 136(42):2133-9.DM

Abstract

PURPOSE

The effects of different types of whole body vibration (WBV) training on neuromuscular performance and body composition were determined in postmenopausal women.

METHODS

In the Erlangen Longitudinal Vibration Study II (ELVIS-II-Study) 108 postmenopausal women between 60 and 75 years of age (average 65.8 ± 3.5 years) were randomly assigned to one of three groups: two WBV training-groups (n = 36 each), each performing an identical program thrice a week for 15 min on two different types of vibration plates for one year: 1. vertical vibrating, 35 Hz, 1.7 mm (VG); 2. rotational vibrating 12.5 Hz, 12 mm (RG). A control group (n = 36) conducted a low intensity gymnastic and relaxation program. Muscular strength and power were assessed, body composition was determined by Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and pain intensity was assessed by a questionnaire.

RESULTS

Maximum leg strength (VG: 24.4 %; RG: 26.6 %; KG: 6.2 %; p < 0.001) and maximum trunk flexion strength (VG: 12.2 %; RG: 11.5 %; KG: -5.5 %; p = 0.01) significantly increased in both vibration groups. No changes were found for body composition parameters (lean body mass, appendicular muscle mass, fat mass). Pain intensity in the big joints (p < 0.05) decreased in both vibration groups, in the lumbar spine region this was not significant. There was no difference between vibration types. No vibration-related side effects were observed.

CONCLUSION

The study results suggest that WBV might be an alternative to classic training contents to increase maximum strength and reduce pain.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institut für Medizinische Physik, Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg. andreas.klarner@fachklinik-herzogenaurach.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

ger

PubMed ID

21990056

Citation

Klarner, A, et al. "[Effects of Two Different Types of Whole Body Vibration On Neuromuscular Performance and Body Composition in Postmenopausal Women]." Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift (1946), vol. 136, no. 42, 2011, pp. 2133-9.
Klarner A, von Stengel S, Kemmler W, et al. [Effects of two different types of whole body vibration on neuromuscular performance and body composition in postmenopausal women]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2011;136(42):2133-9.
Klarner, A., von Stengel, S., Kemmler, W., Kladny, B., & Kalender, W. (2011). [Effects of two different types of whole body vibration on neuromuscular performance and body composition in postmenopausal women]. Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift (1946), 136(42), 2133-9. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0031-1292023
Klarner A, et al. [Effects of Two Different Types of Whole Body Vibration On Neuromuscular Performance and Body Composition in Postmenopausal Women]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2011;136(42):2133-9. PubMed PMID: 21990056.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Effects of two different types of whole body vibration on neuromuscular performance and body composition in postmenopausal women]. AU - Klarner,A, AU - von Stengel,S, AU - Kemmler,W, AU - Kladny,B, AU - Kalender,W, Y1 - 2011/10/11/ PY - 2011/10/13/entrez PY - 2011/10/13/pubmed PY - 2011/12/13/medline SP - 2133 EP - 9 JF - Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift (1946) JO - Dtsch Med Wochenschr VL - 136 IS - 42 N2 - PURPOSE: The effects of different types of whole body vibration (WBV) training on neuromuscular performance and body composition were determined in postmenopausal women. METHODS: In the Erlangen Longitudinal Vibration Study II (ELVIS-II-Study) 108 postmenopausal women between 60 and 75 years of age (average 65.8 ± 3.5 years) were randomly assigned to one of three groups: two WBV training-groups (n = 36 each), each performing an identical program thrice a week for 15 min on two different types of vibration plates for one year: 1. vertical vibrating, 35 Hz, 1.7 mm (VG); 2. rotational vibrating 12.5 Hz, 12 mm (RG). A control group (n = 36) conducted a low intensity gymnastic and relaxation program. Muscular strength and power were assessed, body composition was determined by Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and pain intensity was assessed by a questionnaire. RESULTS: Maximum leg strength (VG: 24.4 %; RG: 26.6 %; KG: 6.2 %; p < 0.001) and maximum trunk flexion strength (VG: 12.2 %; RG: 11.5 %; KG: -5.5 %; p = 0.01) significantly increased in both vibration groups. No changes were found for body composition parameters (lean body mass, appendicular muscle mass, fat mass). Pain intensity in the big joints (p < 0.05) decreased in both vibration groups, in the lumbar spine region this was not significant. There was no difference between vibration types. No vibration-related side effects were observed. CONCLUSION: The study results suggest that WBV might be an alternative to classic training contents to increase maximum strength and reduce pain. SN - 1439-4413 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21990056/[Effects_of_two_different_types_of_whole_body_vibration_on_neuromuscular_performance_and_body_composition_in_postmenopausal_women]_ L2 - http://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0031-1292023 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -