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Microplastics as contaminants in the marine environment: a review.
Mar Pollut Bull. 2011 Dec; 62(12):2588-97.MP

Abstract

Since the mass production of plastics began in the 1940s, microplastic contamination of the marine environment has been a growing problem. Here, a review of the literature has been conducted with the following objectives: (1) to summarise the properties, nomenclature and sources of microplastics; (2) to discuss the routes by which microplastics enter the marine environment; (3) to evaluate the methods by which microplastics are detected in the marine environment; (4) to assess spatial and temporal trends of microplastic abundance; and (5) to discuss the environmental impact of microplastics. Microplastics are both abundant and widespread within the marine environment, found in their highest concentrations along coastlines and within mid-ocean gyres. Ingestion of microplastics has been demonstrated in a range of marine organisms, a process which may facilitate the transfer of chemical additives or hydrophobic waterborne pollutants to biota. We conclude by highlighting key future research areas for scientists and policymakers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Prospect Place, The Hoe, Plymouth PL1 3DH, UK. mcol@pml.ac.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Evaluation Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22001295

Citation

Cole, Matthew, et al. "Microplastics as Contaminants in the Marine Environment: a Review." Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 62, no. 12, 2011, pp. 2588-97.
Cole M, Lindeque P, Halsband C, et al. Microplastics as contaminants in the marine environment: a review. Mar Pollut Bull. 2011;62(12):2588-97.
Cole, M., Lindeque, P., Halsband, C., & Galloway, T. S. (2011). Microplastics as contaminants in the marine environment: a review. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 62(12), 2588-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.09.025
Cole M, et al. Microplastics as Contaminants in the Marine Environment: a Review. Mar Pollut Bull. 2011;62(12):2588-97. PubMed PMID: 22001295.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Microplastics as contaminants in the marine environment: a review. AU - Cole,Matthew, AU - Lindeque,Pennie, AU - Halsband,Claudia, AU - Galloway,Tamara S, Y1 - 2011/10/14/ PY - 2011/05/03/received PY - 2011/09/16/revised PY - 2011/09/20/accepted PY - 2011/10/18/entrez PY - 2011/10/18/pubmed PY - 2012/3/23/medline SP - 2588 EP - 97 JF - Marine pollution bulletin JO - Mar. Pollut. Bull. VL - 62 IS - 12 N2 - Since the mass production of plastics began in the 1940s, microplastic contamination of the marine environment has been a growing problem. Here, a review of the literature has been conducted with the following objectives: (1) to summarise the properties, nomenclature and sources of microplastics; (2) to discuss the routes by which microplastics enter the marine environment; (3) to evaluate the methods by which microplastics are detected in the marine environment; (4) to assess spatial and temporal trends of microplastic abundance; and (5) to discuss the environmental impact of microplastics. Microplastics are both abundant and widespread within the marine environment, found in their highest concentrations along coastlines and within mid-ocean gyres. Ingestion of microplastics has been demonstrated in a range of marine organisms, a process which may facilitate the transfer of chemical additives or hydrophobic waterborne pollutants to biota. We conclude by highlighting key future research areas for scientists and policymakers. SN - 1879-3363 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22001295/Microplastics_as_contaminants_in_the_marine_environment:_a_review_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0025-326X(11)00513-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -