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Superobese and super-superobese patients: 2-step laparoscopic duodenal switch.
Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2011 Nov-Dec; 7(6):703-8.SO

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Morbidity and mortality after bariatric surgery in superobese (body mass index [BMI] >50 but <60 kg/m2) and super-superobese (BMI >60 kg/m2) patients can allegedly be reduced by performing surgery in 2 steps. We report a retrospective study gathered from a prospective database for superobese and super-superobese patients who underwent laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion/duodenal switch (LBPD/DS) after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) as the first step.

METHODS

From October 2004 to June 2010, 31 patients underwent LBPD/DS after LSG. The mean age was 45.8 ± 10.1 years (range 21-64). The mean interval between the 2 procedures was 13.9 ± 8.4 months (range 6-37). At LSG, the mean weight and BMI was 168.8 ± 35.4 kg (range 127-255) and 58.3 ± 6.7 kg/m2 (range 50-74.5). At LBPD/DS, the mean weight, BMI, and percentage of excess weight loss was 136.3 ± 32.6 kg (range 92-220), 47.1 ± 7.2 kg/m(2) (range 37.8-64.3), and 31.6% ± 12.2% (range -11.7 to +54.6). At LSG, 26 patients had 43 obesity co-morbidities. Three co-morbidities (6.9%) resolved in 3 patients before the second step of LBPD/DS was performed.

RESULTS

The mean operative time was 175.5 ± 60.6 minutes (range 75-285). There were no deaths or conversions to open surgery. Four patients had early complications (1 anastomotic leak, 1 small bowel perforation, 1 case of renal insufficiency, and 1 case of pneumonia). The mean hospital stay was 6.6 ± 8 days (range 3-35). All patients, with the exception of 3, were followed up for a mean of 28.8 ± 21.4 months (range 4-71). At follow-up, the mean weight, BMI, and percentage of excess weight loss (compared with the pre-LSG weight) was 99.4 ± 23.7 kg (range 62-150), 34.5 ± 5.8 kg/m2 (range 24.9-46.3), and 54.8% ± 16% (range 18.9-84.8). A total of 22 obesity co-morbidities (51.1%) resolved in 14 patients. Three patients presented with late complications (1 ventral hernia, 1 case of protein deficiency, 1 anastomotic stenosis).

CONCLUSION

In the treatment of superobese and super-superobese patients with 2-step LBPD/DS, we experienced no deaths and achieved acceptable morbidity, considering the high operative risk in this group. This procedure is effective for both weight loss and resolution of co-morbidities.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, European School of Laparoscopic Surgery, Saint-Pierre University Hospital, Brussels, Belgium. giovanni@dapri.netNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22014481

Citation

Dapri, Giovanni, et al. "Superobese and Super-superobese Patients: 2-step Laparoscopic Duodenal Switch." Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases : Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery, vol. 7, no. 6, 2011, pp. 703-8.
Dapri G, Cadière GB, Himpens J. Superobese and super-superobese patients: 2-step laparoscopic duodenal switch. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2011;7(6):703-8.
Dapri, G., Cadière, G. B., & Himpens, J. (2011). Superobese and super-superobese patients: 2-step laparoscopic duodenal switch. Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases : Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery, 7(6), 703-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2011.09.007
Dapri G, Cadière GB, Himpens J. Superobese and Super-superobese Patients: 2-step Laparoscopic Duodenal Switch. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2011;7(6):703-8. PubMed PMID: 22014481.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Superobese and super-superobese patients: 2-step laparoscopic duodenal switch. AU - Dapri,Giovanni, AU - Cadière,Guy Bernard, AU - Himpens,Jacques, Y1 - 2011/09/17/ PY - 2011/04/27/received PY - 2011/08/13/revised PY - 2011/09/08/accepted PY - 2011/10/22/entrez PY - 2011/10/22/pubmed PY - 2012/2/22/medline SP - 703 EP - 8 JF - Surgery for obesity and related diseases : official journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery JO - Surg Obes Relat Dis VL - 7 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Morbidity and mortality after bariatric surgery in superobese (body mass index [BMI] >50 but <60 kg/m2) and super-superobese (BMI >60 kg/m2) patients can allegedly be reduced by performing surgery in 2 steps. We report a retrospective study gathered from a prospective database for superobese and super-superobese patients who underwent laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion/duodenal switch (LBPD/DS) after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) as the first step. METHODS: From October 2004 to June 2010, 31 patients underwent LBPD/DS after LSG. The mean age was 45.8 ± 10.1 years (range 21-64). The mean interval between the 2 procedures was 13.9 ± 8.4 months (range 6-37). At LSG, the mean weight and BMI was 168.8 ± 35.4 kg (range 127-255) and 58.3 ± 6.7 kg/m2 (range 50-74.5). At LBPD/DS, the mean weight, BMI, and percentage of excess weight loss was 136.3 ± 32.6 kg (range 92-220), 47.1 ± 7.2 kg/m(2) (range 37.8-64.3), and 31.6% ± 12.2% (range -11.7 to +54.6). At LSG, 26 patients had 43 obesity co-morbidities. Three co-morbidities (6.9%) resolved in 3 patients before the second step of LBPD/DS was performed. RESULTS: The mean operative time was 175.5 ± 60.6 minutes (range 75-285). There were no deaths or conversions to open surgery. Four patients had early complications (1 anastomotic leak, 1 small bowel perforation, 1 case of renal insufficiency, and 1 case of pneumonia). The mean hospital stay was 6.6 ± 8 days (range 3-35). All patients, with the exception of 3, were followed up for a mean of 28.8 ± 21.4 months (range 4-71). At follow-up, the mean weight, BMI, and percentage of excess weight loss (compared with the pre-LSG weight) was 99.4 ± 23.7 kg (range 62-150), 34.5 ± 5.8 kg/m2 (range 24.9-46.3), and 54.8% ± 16% (range 18.9-84.8). A total of 22 obesity co-morbidities (51.1%) resolved in 14 patients. Three patients presented with late complications (1 ventral hernia, 1 case of protein deficiency, 1 anastomotic stenosis). CONCLUSION: In the treatment of superobese and super-superobese patients with 2-step LBPD/DS, we experienced no deaths and achieved acceptable morbidity, considering the high operative risk in this group. This procedure is effective for both weight loss and resolution of co-morbidities. SN - 1878-7533 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22014481/Superobese_and_super_superobese_patients:_2_step_laparoscopic_duodenal_switch_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1550-7289(11)00686-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -