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Food sources and correlates of sodium and potassium intakes in Flemish pre-school children.
Public Health Nutr 2012; 15(6):1039-46PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The aim of the present study was to investigate dietary sources of Na and K intakes among Flemish pre-school children using multiple linear regression analyses.

DESIGN

Three-day estimated diet records were used to assess dietary intakes. The contribution to Na and K intakes of fifty-seven food groups was computed by summing the amount provided by the food group for all individuals divided by the total intake for all individuals.

SETTING

A random cluster sampling design at the level of schools, stratified by province and age, was used.

SUBJECTS

A representative sample of 696 Flemish pre-school children aged 2·5-6·5 years was recruited.

RESULTS

Mean Na intake was above and mean K intake was largely below the recommendation for children. Bread (22 %) and soup (13 %) were main contributors to Na intake followed by cold meat cuts and other meat products (12 % and 11 %, respectively). Sugared milk drinks, fried potatoes, milk and fruit juices were the main K sources (13 %, 12 %, 11 % and 11 %, respectively). Although Na and K intakes were positively correlated, several food categories showed Na:K intake ratio well above one (water, cheeses, soup, butter/margarine, fast foods and light beverages) whereas others presented a ratio well below one (oil & fat, fruits & juices, potatoes, vegetables and hot beverages).

CONCLUSIONS

Flemish pre-school children had too high Na and too low K intakes. The finding that main dietary sources of Na and K are clearly different indicates the feasibility of simultaneously decreasing Na and increasing K intake among children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, UZ - 2 Blok A, De Pintelaan 185, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium. inge.huybrechts@ugent.beNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22014724

Citation

Huybrechts, Inge, et al. "Food Sources and Correlates of Sodium and Potassium Intakes in Flemish Pre-school Children." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 15, no. 6, 2012, pp. 1039-46.
Huybrechts I, De Keyzer W, Lin Y, et al. Food sources and correlates of sodium and potassium intakes in Flemish pre-school children. Public Health Nutr. 2012;15(6):1039-46.
Huybrechts, I., De Keyzer, W., Lin, Y., Vandevijvere, S., Vereecken, C., Van Oyen, H., ... De Henauw, S. (2012). Food sources and correlates of sodium and potassium intakes in Flemish pre-school children. Public Health Nutrition, 15(6), pp. 1039-46. doi:10.1017/S1368980011002497.
Huybrechts I, et al. Food Sources and Correlates of Sodium and Potassium Intakes in Flemish Pre-school Children. Public Health Nutr. 2012;15(6):1039-46. PubMed PMID: 22014724.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Food sources and correlates of sodium and potassium intakes in Flemish pre-school children. AU - Huybrechts,Inge, AU - De Keyzer,Willem, AU - Lin,Yi, AU - Vandevijvere,Stefanie, AU - Vereecken,Carine, AU - Van Oyen,Herman, AU - Tilleman,Katrien, AU - Bellemans,Mia, AU - De Maeyer,Mieke, AU - De Backer,Guy, AU - De Henauw,Stefaan, Y1 - 2011/10/06/ PY - 2011/10/22/entrez PY - 2011/10/22/pubmed PY - 2013/6/12/medline SP - 1039 EP - 46 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 15 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate dietary sources of Na and K intakes among Flemish pre-school children using multiple linear regression analyses. DESIGN: Three-day estimated diet records were used to assess dietary intakes. The contribution to Na and K intakes of fifty-seven food groups was computed by summing the amount provided by the food group for all individuals divided by the total intake for all individuals. SETTING: A random cluster sampling design at the level of schools, stratified by province and age, was used. SUBJECTS: A representative sample of 696 Flemish pre-school children aged 2·5-6·5 years was recruited. RESULTS: Mean Na intake was above and mean K intake was largely below the recommendation for children. Bread (22 %) and soup (13 %) were main contributors to Na intake followed by cold meat cuts and other meat products (12 % and 11 %, respectively). Sugared milk drinks, fried potatoes, milk and fruit juices were the main K sources (13 %, 12 %, 11 % and 11 %, respectively). Although Na and K intakes were positively correlated, several food categories showed Na:K intake ratio well above one (water, cheeses, soup, butter/margarine, fast foods and light beverages) whereas others presented a ratio well below one (oil & fat, fruits & juices, potatoes, vegetables and hot beverages). CONCLUSIONS: Flemish pre-school children had too high Na and too low K intakes. The finding that main dietary sources of Na and K are clearly different indicates the feasibility of simultaneously decreasing Na and increasing K intake among children. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22014724/Food_sources_and_correlates_of_sodium_and_potassium_intakes_in_Flemish_pre_school_children_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980011002497/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -