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Development of ethnic, racial, and national prejudice in childhood and adolescence: a multinational meta-analysis of age differences.
Child Dev. 2011 Nov-Dec; 82(6):1715-37.CD

Abstract

This meta-analysis summarizes 113 research reports worldwide (121 cross-sectional and 7 longitudinal studies) on age differences in ethnic, racial, or national prejudice among children and adolescents. Overall, results indicated a peak in prejudice in middle childhood (5-7 years) followed by a slight decrease until late childhood (8-10 years). In addition to differences for the various operationalizations of prejudice, detailed findings revealed different age-related changes in prejudice toward higher versus lower status out-groups and positive effects of contact opportunities with the out-group on prejudice development. Results confirm that prejudice changes systematically with age during childhood but that no developmental trend is found in adolescence, indicating the stronger influence of the social context on prejudice with increasing age.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena, Jena, Germany.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22023224

Citation

Raabe, Tobias, and Andreas Beelmann. "Development of Ethnic, Racial, and National Prejudice in Childhood and Adolescence: a Multinational Meta-analysis of Age Differences." Child Development, vol. 82, no. 6, 2011, pp. 1715-37.
Raabe T, Beelmann A. Development of ethnic, racial, and national prejudice in childhood and adolescence: a multinational meta-analysis of age differences. Child Dev. 2011;82(6):1715-37.
Raabe, T., & Beelmann, A. (2011). Development of ethnic, racial, and national prejudice in childhood and adolescence: a multinational meta-analysis of age differences. Child Development, 82(6), 1715-37. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01668.x
Raabe T, Beelmann A. Development of Ethnic, Racial, and National Prejudice in Childhood and Adolescence: a Multinational Meta-analysis of Age Differences. Child Dev. 2011 Nov-Dec;82(6):1715-37. PubMed PMID: 22023224.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Development of ethnic, racial, and national prejudice in childhood and adolescence: a multinational meta-analysis of age differences. AU - Raabe,Tobias, AU - Beelmann,Andreas, Y1 - 2011/10/24/ PY - 2011/10/26/entrez PY - 2011/10/26/pubmed PY - 2012/3/30/medline SP - 1715 EP - 37 JF - Child development JO - Child Dev VL - 82 IS - 6 N2 - This meta-analysis summarizes 113 research reports worldwide (121 cross-sectional and 7 longitudinal studies) on age differences in ethnic, racial, or national prejudice among children and adolescents. Overall, results indicated a peak in prejudice in middle childhood (5-7 years) followed by a slight decrease until late childhood (8-10 years). In addition to differences for the various operationalizations of prejudice, detailed findings revealed different age-related changes in prejudice toward higher versus lower status out-groups and positive effects of contact opportunities with the out-group on prejudice development. Results confirm that prejudice changes systematically with age during childhood but that no developmental trend is found in adolescence, indicating the stronger influence of the social context on prejudice with increasing age. SN - 1467-8624 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22023224/Development_of_ethnic_racial_and_national_prejudice_in_childhood_and_adolescence:_a_multinational_meta_analysis_of_age_differences_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01668.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -