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Tai chi exercise for treatment of pain and disability in people with persistent low back pain: a randomized controlled trial.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2011 Nov; 63(11):1576-83.AC

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine the effect of tai chi exercise on persistent low back pain.

METHODS

We performed a randomized controlled trial in a general community setting in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Participants consisted of 160 volunteers between ages 18 and 70 years with persistent nonspecific low back pain. The tai chi group (n = 80) consisted of 18 40-minute sessions over a 10-week period delivered in a group format by a qualified instructor. The waitlist control group continued with their usual health care. Bothersomeness of back symptoms was the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes included pain intensity and pain-related disability. Data were collected at pre- and postintervention and analyzed by intent-to-treat.

RESULTS

Tai chi exercise reduced bothersomeness of back symptoms by 1.7 points on a 0-10 scale, reduced pain intensity by 1.3 points on a 0-10 scale, and improved self-report disability by 2.6 points on the 0-24 Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire scale. The followup rate was >90% for all outcomes. These results were considered a worthwhile treatment effect by researchers and participants.

CONCLUSION

This is the first pragmatic randomized controlled trial of tai chi exercise for people with low back pain. It showed that a 10-week tai chi program improved pain and disability outcomes and can be considered a safe and effective intervention for those experiencing long-term low back pain symptoms.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The George Institute for Global Health and University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. amandahall@georgeinstitute.org.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22034119

Citation

Hall, Amanda M., et al. "Tai Chi Exercise for Treatment of Pain and Disability in People With Persistent Low Back Pain: a Randomized Controlled Trial." Arthritis Care & Research, vol. 63, no. 11, 2011, pp. 1576-83.
Hall AM, Maher CG, Lam P, et al. Tai chi exercise for treatment of pain and disability in people with persistent low back pain: a randomized controlled trial. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2011;63(11):1576-83.
Hall, A. M., Maher, C. G., Lam, P., Ferreira, M., & Latimer, J. (2011). Tai chi exercise for treatment of pain and disability in people with persistent low back pain: a randomized controlled trial. Arthritis Care & Research, 63(11), 1576-83. https://doi.org/10.1002/acr.20594
Hall AM, et al. Tai Chi Exercise for Treatment of Pain and Disability in People With Persistent Low Back Pain: a Randomized Controlled Trial. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2011;63(11):1576-83. PubMed PMID: 22034119.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Tai chi exercise for treatment of pain and disability in people with persistent low back pain: a randomized controlled trial. AU - Hall,Amanda M, AU - Maher,Chris G, AU - Lam,Paul, AU - Ferreira,Manuela, AU - Latimer,Jane, PY - 2011/10/29/entrez PY - 2011/10/29/pubmed PY - 2011/12/16/medline SP - 1576 EP - 83 JF - Arthritis care & research JO - Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) VL - 63 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of tai chi exercise on persistent low back pain. METHODS: We performed a randomized controlled trial in a general community setting in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Participants consisted of 160 volunteers between ages 18 and 70 years with persistent nonspecific low back pain. The tai chi group (n = 80) consisted of 18 40-minute sessions over a 10-week period delivered in a group format by a qualified instructor. The waitlist control group continued with their usual health care. Bothersomeness of back symptoms was the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes included pain intensity and pain-related disability. Data were collected at pre- and postintervention and analyzed by intent-to-treat. RESULTS: Tai chi exercise reduced bothersomeness of back symptoms by 1.7 points on a 0-10 scale, reduced pain intensity by 1.3 points on a 0-10 scale, and improved self-report disability by 2.6 points on the 0-24 Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire scale. The followup rate was >90% for all outcomes. These results were considered a worthwhile treatment effect by researchers and participants. CONCLUSION: This is the first pragmatic randomized controlled trial of tai chi exercise for people with low back pain. It showed that a 10-week tai chi program improved pain and disability outcomes and can be considered a safe and effective intervention for those experiencing long-term low back pain symptoms. SN - 2151-4658 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22034119/Tai_chi_exercise_for_treatment_of_pain_and_disability_in_people_with_persistent_low_back_pain:_a_randomized_controlled_trial_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/acr.20594 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -