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Mental health problems among internally displaced persons in Darfur.
Int J Psychol. 2010 Aug 01; 45(4):278-85.IJ

Abstract

War victims are regarded as one of the highest risk groups for mental disturbances. This study investigated the effects of the Darfur conflict on mental health of 430 internally displaced persons (IDPs) from three camps located around Fasher and Nyala towns. A stratified random sampling technique was used to select participants. Male participants represented 50.6% of the sample while female participants represented 49.4%. The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) were used in addition to a questionnaire measuring demographic variables and living conditions. It was hypothesized that high prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and of nonpsychotic psychiatric symptoms will be evident. Results showed a high dissatisfaction rate (72%) with living conditions among IDPs. There was also high prevalence of PTSD (54%) and general distress (70%) among IDPs. Female participants showed more somatic symptoms than their male counterparts. Married participants were more distressed, anxious, and showed more social dysfunction, while single ones reported more avoidance symptoms. Significant differences related to date of displacement were found in PTSD and hyperarousal. The group of IDPs displaced in 2003 scored higher on these scales than those displaced in 2004 and 2005. There was also significant difference related to date of displacement in distress, somatic symptoms, depression, anxiety, and social dysfunction. IDPs displaced in 2003 scored higher on these scales. Results are discussed in light of the study hypotheses and previous findings. It is concluded that three factors might affect the dissatisfaction of IDPs with living conditions inside camps. These are: lack of employment, unsuitability of food items, and lack of security around camps. It was recommended that psychological support services should be among the prime relief services provided by aid agencies.

Authors+Show Affiliations

United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22044013

Citation

Hamid, Abdalla A R M., and Saif A. Musa. "Mental Health Problems Among Internally Displaced Persons in Darfur." International Journal of Psychology : Journal International De Psychologie, vol. 45, no. 4, 2010, pp. 278-85.
Hamid AA, Musa SA. Mental health problems among internally displaced persons in Darfur. Int J Psychol. 2010;45(4):278-85.
Hamid, A. A., & Musa, S. A. (2010). Mental health problems among internally displaced persons in Darfur. International Journal of Psychology : Journal International De Psychologie, 45(4), 278-85. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207591003692620
Hamid AA, Musa SA. Mental Health Problems Among Internally Displaced Persons in Darfur. Int J Psychol. 2010 Aug 1;45(4):278-85. PubMed PMID: 22044013.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mental health problems among internally displaced persons in Darfur. AU - Hamid,Abdalla A R M, AU - Musa,Saif A, PY - 2011/11/3/entrez PY - 2010/8/1/pubmed PY - 2012/4/5/medline SP - 278 EP - 85 JF - International journal of psychology : Journal international de psychologie JO - Int J Psychol VL - 45 IS - 4 N2 - War victims are regarded as one of the highest risk groups for mental disturbances. This study investigated the effects of the Darfur conflict on mental health of 430 internally displaced persons (IDPs) from three camps located around Fasher and Nyala towns. A stratified random sampling technique was used to select participants. Male participants represented 50.6% of the sample while female participants represented 49.4%. The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) were used in addition to a questionnaire measuring demographic variables and living conditions. It was hypothesized that high prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and of nonpsychotic psychiatric symptoms will be evident. Results showed a high dissatisfaction rate (72%) with living conditions among IDPs. There was also high prevalence of PTSD (54%) and general distress (70%) among IDPs. Female participants showed more somatic symptoms than their male counterparts. Married participants were more distressed, anxious, and showed more social dysfunction, while single ones reported more avoidance symptoms. Significant differences related to date of displacement were found in PTSD and hyperarousal. The group of IDPs displaced in 2003 scored higher on these scales than those displaced in 2004 and 2005. There was also significant difference related to date of displacement in distress, somatic symptoms, depression, anxiety, and social dysfunction. IDPs displaced in 2003 scored higher on these scales. Results are discussed in light of the study hypotheses and previous findings. It is concluded that three factors might affect the dissatisfaction of IDPs with living conditions inside camps. These are: lack of employment, unsuitability of food items, and lack of security around camps. It was recommended that psychological support services should be among the prime relief services provided by aid agencies. SN - 1464-066X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22044013/Mental_health_problems_among_internally_displaced_persons_in_Darfur_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1080/00207591003692620 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -