Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Environmental pollution of lead in traffic air and blood of traffic policemen in Khartoum State, Sudan.
East Afr J Public Health. 2010 Dec; 7(4):350-2.EA

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

A cross sectional study was conducted in Khartoum State. A total of 45 males' traffic policemen were divided into two groups according to exposure to car exhaust; n = 30 taken as exposed group, n = 15 taken as controls, who were not exposed to car exhaust.

OBJECTIVES

The study was conducted to determine lead concentrations in traffic ambient air, to determine lead levels in blood of traffic policemen, and to evaluate the effect of exposure to car exhaust on traffic policemen during January 2009.

METHODS

The level of lead in ambient air was determined in 14 locations which were taken randomly at the intersections and entrances to the bridges using personal sampler "Cassella, U.K". The blood samples of all policemen were analyzed by atomic absorption Spectrophotometer to determine lead levels. A questionnaire was designed to assess the adverse health effects on the traffic policemen.

RESULTS

The degree of environmental lead pollution in traffic ambient air was found to be 0.1937 +/- 0.1768 mg/m3 with range between 0.000-0.5166 mg/m3. In seven locations out of fourteen locations lead concentrations were 0.1940 and 0.5166 above the permissible level of 0.15 mg/m3 permitted internationally. Blood lead levels on traffic policemen (exposed and control groups) were found to be 2.4691 +/- 1.4065 microg/100 ml and 0.3944 +/- 1.2471 microg/100 ml respectively and there is no significant differences between the two groups where using SPSS program. A questionnaire findings were: average age mean of 35.9 +/- 7.7 years, 47.48% worked for periods of more than 20 years, 74.19% did not work before joining the traffic police, 51.6% of them recognized traffic air pollution as a problem of high level, 45.2% of them estimated it as medium, and 3.2% as low. As habits 38.71% were smokers, and for health complaints, 61.29% have various complaints of headache, fatigue, abdominal, hypertension and anemia. All these symptoms have a close relationship with lead poisoning.

CONCLUSION

When we compared the results of age groups and work duration with lead levels of blood samples the results was not significant.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Occupational Health, National Healtlh Laboratory, Ministry of Health, Khartoum, Sudan. salahrahama80@hotmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22066334

Citation

Rahama, Salah M., et al. "Environmental Pollution of Lead in Traffic Air and Blood of Traffic Policemen in Khartoum State, Sudan." East African Journal of Public Health, vol. 7, no. 4, 2010, pp. 350-2.
Rahama SM, Khider HE, Mohamed SN, et al. Environmental pollution of lead in traffic air and blood of traffic policemen in Khartoum State, Sudan. East Afr J Public Health. 2010;7(4):350-2.
Rahama, S. M., Khider, H. E., Mohamed, S. N., Abuelmaali, S. A., & Elaagip, A. H. (2010). Environmental pollution of lead in traffic air and blood of traffic policemen in Khartoum State, Sudan. East African Journal of Public Health, 7(4), 350-2.
Rahama SM, et al. Environmental Pollution of Lead in Traffic Air and Blood of Traffic Policemen in Khartoum State, Sudan. East Afr J Public Health. 2010;7(4):350-2. PubMed PMID: 22066334.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Environmental pollution of lead in traffic air and blood of traffic policemen in Khartoum State, Sudan. AU - Rahama,Salah M, AU - Khider,Hiba E, AU - Mohamed,Sitt Nour H, AU - Abuelmaali,Sara A, AU - Elaagip,Arwa H, PY - 2011/11/10/entrez PY - 2011/11/10/pubmed PY - 2011/12/13/medline SP - 350 EP - 2 JF - East African journal of public health JO - East Afr J Public Health VL - 7 IS - 4 N2 - INTRODUCTION: A cross sectional study was conducted in Khartoum State. A total of 45 males' traffic policemen were divided into two groups according to exposure to car exhaust; n = 30 taken as exposed group, n = 15 taken as controls, who were not exposed to car exhaust. OBJECTIVES: The study was conducted to determine lead concentrations in traffic ambient air, to determine lead levels in blood of traffic policemen, and to evaluate the effect of exposure to car exhaust on traffic policemen during January 2009. METHODS: The level of lead in ambient air was determined in 14 locations which were taken randomly at the intersections and entrances to the bridges using personal sampler "Cassella, U.K". The blood samples of all policemen were analyzed by atomic absorption Spectrophotometer to determine lead levels. A questionnaire was designed to assess the adverse health effects on the traffic policemen. RESULTS: The degree of environmental lead pollution in traffic ambient air was found to be 0.1937 +/- 0.1768 mg/m3 with range between 0.000-0.5166 mg/m3. In seven locations out of fourteen locations lead concentrations were 0.1940 and 0.5166 above the permissible level of 0.15 mg/m3 permitted internationally. Blood lead levels on traffic policemen (exposed and control groups) were found to be 2.4691 +/- 1.4065 microg/100 ml and 0.3944 +/- 1.2471 microg/100 ml respectively and there is no significant differences between the two groups where using SPSS program. A questionnaire findings were: average age mean of 35.9 +/- 7.7 years, 47.48% worked for periods of more than 20 years, 74.19% did not work before joining the traffic police, 51.6% of them recognized traffic air pollution as a problem of high level, 45.2% of them estimated it as medium, and 3.2% as low. As habits 38.71% were smokers, and for health complaints, 61.29% have various complaints of headache, fatigue, abdominal, hypertension and anemia. All these symptoms have a close relationship with lead poisoning. CONCLUSION: When we compared the results of age groups and work duration with lead levels of blood samples the results was not significant. SN - 0856-8960 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22066334/Environmental_pollution_of_lead_in_traffic_air_and_blood_of_traffic_policemen_in_Khartoum_State_Sudan_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/leadpoisoning.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -