Laparoscopic removal of an intra-abdominal intrauterine device: case and systematic review.Contraception 2012; 85(1):15-8C
Uterine perforation by intrauterine devices (IUDs) is a rare but well recognized complication. In the past, the presence of adhesions and perforation of viscera often resulted in the need for a laparotomy to remove the IUD. However, advances in laparoscopic technique have allowed surgeons to safely retrieve perforated IUDs. In this review, we analyze uterine perforation by an IUD and assess laparoscopic vs. open methods for removal of a perforated IUD.
A systematic search strategy was applied to several electronic bibliographic databases: Medline/Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and OCLC PapersFirst. Key words used were IUD, laparoscopy, and uterine perforation.
One hundred seventy-nine cases of attempted laparoscopic removal of perforated IUDs were identified in the English literature between 1970 and 2009. Patient age ranged from 17 to 49 years. Diagnostic laparoscopy was performed in all 179 cases reported. Laparoscopic removal of perforated IUDs was achieved successfully in 64.2% (115/179) of cases.
This systematic review highlights how advances in laparoscopic technique and skill have allowed surgeons to safely retrieve IUDs without laparotomy. We recommend an attempt at laparoscopic removal as first-line treatment in symptomatic patients and as a reasonable treatment option in asymptomatic patients.