Multiple SecA molecules drive protein translocation across a single translocon with SecG inversion.J Biol Chem. 2012 Jan 02; 287(1):455-64.JB
SecA is a translocation ATPase that drives protein translocation. D209N SecA, a dominant-negative mutant, binds ATP but is unable to hydrolyze it. This mutant was inactive to proOmpA translocation. However, it generated a translocation intermediate of 18 kDa. Further addition of wild-type SecA caused its translocation into either mature OmpA or another intermediate of 28 kDa that can be translocated into mature by a proton motive force. The addition of excess D209N SecA during translocation caused a topology inversion of SecG. Moreover, an intermediate of SecG inversion was identified when wild-type and D209N SecA were used in the same amounts. These results indicate that multiple SecA molecules drive translocation across a single translocon with SecG inversion. Here, we propose a revised model of proOmpA translocation in which a single catalytic cycle of SecA causes translocation of 10-13 kDa with ATP binding and hydrolysis, and SecG inversion is required when the next SecA cycle begins with additional ATP hydrolysis.