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Guidewire biliary cannulation does not reduce post-ERCP pancreatitis compared with the contrast injection technique in low-risk and high-risk patients.
Gastrointest Endosc 2012; 75(2):339-46GE

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Guidewire (GW) cannulation can reduce the risk of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) by avoiding the opacification of the main pancreatic duct.

OBJECTIVE

To compare the effects of conventional contrast ERCP and GW cannulation of the common bile duct on the rate of PEP in low- and high-risk patients.

DESIGN

Prospective, comparative-intervention single-center study.

SETTING

Tertiary referral center.

PATIENTS

Patients with biliary disease with an intact papilla were prospectively examined by ERCP.

INTERVENTIONS

Biliary cannulation using a sphincterotome with contrast injection (ConI) or a hydrophilic GW without contrast injection.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS

Pancreatitis rate in the GW group and the contrast injection (ConI) group.

RESULTS

PEP occurred in 60 of 1249 patients (4.8%), 35 of 678 (5.2%) in the GW group and 25 of 571 (4.4%) in the ConI group (not significant). The overall rate of PEP was significantly higher in high-risk patients (12.2%) than in low-risk patients (3.5%) (P < .001), but was similar for the 2 techniques within each of these 2 groups. In patients with unintended main pancreatic duct (MPD) cannulation or opacification, the rate of PEP was not significantly different with the GW (15.2%) and ConI (8.4%) techniques but was associated with a significantly higher rate of pancreatitis (11.9%) than in patients in whom the contrast medium or GW did not enter the MPD (3.5%) (P < .001). Multivariate analysis indicated that more than 10 papillary cannulation attempts, MPD cannulation or opacification, suspected sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, and precut methods were significant risk factors independently associated with PEP.

LIMITATIONS

Lack of randomization.

CONCLUSIONS

For selective cannulation of the CBD, the risk of inducing PEP is similar with the ConI and GW techniques in high-risk and low-risk patients. Any manipulation of the MPD must be considered a high-risk factor for PEP, such as multiple attempts on the papilla or use of the precut method.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Gastroenterology and Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Scientific Institute San Raffaele, Milan, Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Controlled Clinical Trial
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22075192

Citation

Mariani, Alberto, et al. "Guidewire Biliary Cannulation Does Not Reduce post-ERCP Pancreatitis Compared With the Contrast Injection Technique in Low-risk and High-risk Patients." Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 75, no. 2, 2012, pp. 339-46.
Mariani A, Giussani A, Di Leo M, et al. Guidewire biliary cannulation does not reduce post-ERCP pancreatitis compared with the contrast injection technique in low-risk and high-risk patients. Gastrointest Endosc. 2012;75(2):339-46.
Mariani, A., Giussani, A., Di Leo, M., Testoni, S., & Testoni, P. A. (2012). Guidewire biliary cannulation does not reduce post-ERCP pancreatitis compared with the contrast injection technique in low-risk and high-risk patients. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, 75(2), pp. 339-46. doi:10.1016/j.gie.2011.09.002.
Mariani A, et al. Guidewire Biliary Cannulation Does Not Reduce post-ERCP Pancreatitis Compared With the Contrast Injection Technique in Low-risk and High-risk Patients. Gastrointest Endosc. 2012;75(2):339-46. PubMed PMID: 22075192.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Guidewire biliary cannulation does not reduce post-ERCP pancreatitis compared with the contrast injection technique in low-risk and high-risk patients. AU - Mariani,Alberto, AU - Giussani,Antonella, AU - Di Leo,Milena, AU - Testoni,Sabrina, AU - Testoni,Pier Alberto, Y1 - 2011/11/09/ PY - 2011/01/10/received PY - 2011/09/01/accepted PY - 2011/11/15/entrez PY - 2011/11/15/pubmed PY - 2012/5/26/medline SP - 339 EP - 46 JF - Gastrointestinal endoscopy JO - Gastrointest. Endosc. VL - 75 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Guidewire (GW) cannulation can reduce the risk of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) by avoiding the opacification of the main pancreatic duct. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of conventional contrast ERCP and GW cannulation of the common bile duct on the rate of PEP in low- and high-risk patients. DESIGN: Prospective, comparative-intervention single-center study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Patients with biliary disease with an intact papilla were prospectively examined by ERCP. INTERVENTIONS: Biliary cannulation using a sphincterotome with contrast injection (ConI) or a hydrophilic GW without contrast injection. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Pancreatitis rate in the GW group and the contrast injection (ConI) group. RESULTS: PEP occurred in 60 of 1249 patients (4.8%), 35 of 678 (5.2%) in the GW group and 25 of 571 (4.4%) in the ConI group (not significant). The overall rate of PEP was significantly higher in high-risk patients (12.2%) than in low-risk patients (3.5%) (P < .001), but was similar for the 2 techniques within each of these 2 groups. In patients with unintended main pancreatic duct (MPD) cannulation or opacification, the rate of PEP was not significantly different with the GW (15.2%) and ConI (8.4%) techniques but was associated with a significantly higher rate of pancreatitis (11.9%) than in patients in whom the contrast medium or GW did not enter the MPD (3.5%) (P < .001). Multivariate analysis indicated that more than 10 papillary cannulation attempts, MPD cannulation or opacification, suspected sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, and precut methods were significant risk factors independently associated with PEP. LIMITATIONS: Lack of randomization. CONCLUSIONS: For selective cannulation of the CBD, the risk of inducing PEP is similar with the ConI and GW techniques in high-risk and low-risk patients. Any manipulation of the MPD must be considered a high-risk factor for PEP, such as multiple attempts on the papilla or use of the precut method. SN - 1097-6779 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22075192/Guidewire_biliary_cannulation_does_not_reduce_post_ERCP_pancreatitis_compared_with_the_contrast_injection_technique_in_low_risk_and_high_risk_patients_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0016-5107(11)02172-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -