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Physical activity benefits and risks on the gastrointestinal system.
South Med J. 2011 Dec; 104(12):831-7.SM

Abstract

This review evaluates the current understanding of the benefits and risks of physical activity and exercise on the gastrointestinal system. A significant portion of endurance athletes are affected by gastrointestinal symptoms, but most symptoms are transient and do not have long-term consequences. Conversely, physical activity may have a protective effect on the gastrointestinal system. There is convincing evidence that physical activity reduces the risk of colon cancer. The evidence is less convincing for gastric and pancreatic cancers, gastroesophageal reflux disease, peptic ulcer disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, cholelithiasis, diverticular disease, irritable bowel syndrome, and constipation. Physical activity may reduce the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding and inflammatory bowel disease, although this has not been proven unequivocally. This article provides a critical review of the evidence-based literature concerning exercise and physical activity effects on the gastrointestinal system and provides physicians with a better understanding of the evidence behind exercise prescriptions for patients with gastrointestinal disorders. Well-designed prospective randomized trials evaluating the risks and benefits of exercise and physical activity on gastrointestinal disorders are recommended for future research.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Landstuhl Regional Medical Center, Landstuhl/Kirchberg, Germany. martin.donaldj@gmail.com

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22089363

Citation

Martin, Donald. "Physical Activity Benefits and Risks On the Gastrointestinal System." Southern Medical Journal, vol. 104, no. 12, 2011, pp. 831-7.
Martin D. Physical activity benefits and risks on the gastrointestinal system. South Med J. 2011;104(12):831-7.
Martin, D. (2011). Physical activity benefits and risks on the gastrointestinal system. Southern Medical Journal, 104(12), 831-7. https://doi.org/10.1097/SMJ.0b013e318236c263
Martin D. Physical Activity Benefits and Risks On the Gastrointestinal System. South Med J. 2011;104(12):831-7. PubMed PMID: 22089363.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Physical activity benefits and risks on the gastrointestinal system. A1 - Martin,Donald, PY - 2011/11/18/entrez PY - 2011/11/18/pubmed PY - 2012/1/6/medline SP - 831 EP - 7 JF - Southern medical journal JO - South Med J VL - 104 IS - 12 N2 - This review evaluates the current understanding of the benefits and risks of physical activity and exercise on the gastrointestinal system. A significant portion of endurance athletes are affected by gastrointestinal symptoms, but most symptoms are transient and do not have long-term consequences. Conversely, physical activity may have a protective effect on the gastrointestinal system. There is convincing evidence that physical activity reduces the risk of colon cancer. The evidence is less convincing for gastric and pancreatic cancers, gastroesophageal reflux disease, peptic ulcer disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, cholelithiasis, diverticular disease, irritable bowel syndrome, and constipation. Physical activity may reduce the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding and inflammatory bowel disease, although this has not been proven unequivocally. This article provides a critical review of the evidence-based literature concerning exercise and physical activity effects on the gastrointestinal system and provides physicians with a better understanding of the evidence behind exercise prescriptions for patients with gastrointestinal disorders. Well-designed prospective randomized trials evaluating the risks and benefits of exercise and physical activity on gastrointestinal disorders are recommended for future research. SN - 1541-8243 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22089363/Physical_activity_benefits_and_risks_on_the_gastrointestinal_system_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SMJ.0b013e318236c263 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -