Advances in pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.Pediatr Clin North Am. 2011 Dec; 58(6):1375-92, x.PC
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has emerged as the most common cause of pediatric liver disease in the developed world. Children have a form of NAFLD that is pathologically distinct from adults. Although NAFLD remains a pathologic diagnosis, biomarkers and imaging studies hold promise as noninvasive means of both establishing the diagnosis and following the disease course. Significant advancements have recently been made in genetics, pathophysiology, and the treatment of NAFLD. The purpose of this article is to provide a clinically relevant review of pediatric NAFLD with an emphasis on recent developments in the field.