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Prescription medication use among normal weight, overweight, and obese adults, United States, 2005-2008.
Ann Epidemiol. 2012 Feb; 22(2):112-9.AE

Abstract

PURPOSE

We sought to describe differences between normal weight, overweight, and obese adults in use of specific prescription medication classes.

METHODS

Cross-sectional analysis of prescription medication use among 9789 adults in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a nationally representative sample of the United States.

RESULTS

In 2005-2008, 56.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 54.6-58.3) of adults used 1+ prescription medication. Approximately one-quarter of adults used a hypertension medication (26.1%; 95% CI, 24.5%-27.8%). The use of hypertension medications increased with increasing weight status (normal weight: 17.2%; 95% CI, 15.6%-18.8%; overweight: 24.5%, 95% CI, 22.6%-26.4%; and obese: 35.1%, 95% CI, 32.8%-37.4%). Similarly, lipid-lowering, analgesic, antidepressant, proton pump inhibitors, thyroid, diabetes, and bronchodilator medication use was greater among obese compared with normal weight adults (each p < .01). Among adults 65+ years, 72% (95% CI, 68.2%-75.8%) of men and 67.7% (95% CI, 64.3%-71.2%) of women used a hypertension medication and a majority of men (51.2%, 95% CI, 48.4%-54%) and 40.3% (95% CI, 36.8%-43.8%) of women used lipid lowering medications; the use of both was greater among obese adults compared to normal weight adults (both p < .01).

CONCLUSIONS

Obese adults in the United States use several prescription medication classes more frequently, than normal weight adults, including hypertension, lipid-lowering, and diabetes medications.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA. igd0@cdc.govNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22100542

Citation

Kit, Brian K., et al. "Prescription Medication Use Among Normal Weight, Overweight, and Obese Adults, United States, 2005-2008." Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 22, no. 2, 2012, pp. 112-9.
Kit BK, Ogden CL, Flegal KM. Prescription medication use among normal weight, overweight, and obese adults, United States, 2005-2008. Ann Epidemiol. 2012;22(2):112-9.
Kit, B. K., Ogden, C. L., & Flegal, K. M. (2012). Prescription medication use among normal weight, overweight, and obese adults, United States, 2005-2008. Annals of Epidemiology, 22(2), 112-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2011.10.010
Kit BK, Ogden CL, Flegal KM. Prescription Medication Use Among Normal Weight, Overweight, and Obese Adults, United States, 2005-2008. Ann Epidemiol. 2012;22(2):112-9. PubMed PMID: 22100542.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prescription medication use among normal weight, overweight, and obese adults, United States, 2005-2008. AU - Kit,Brian K, AU - Ogden,Cynthia L, AU - Flegal,Katherine M, Y1 - 2011/11/18/ PY - 2011/05/25/received PY - 2011/10/26/revised PY - 2011/10/27/accepted PY - 2011/11/22/entrez PY - 2011/11/22/pubmed PY - 2012/5/2/medline SP - 112 EP - 9 JF - Annals of epidemiology JO - Ann Epidemiol VL - 22 IS - 2 N2 - PURPOSE: We sought to describe differences between normal weight, overweight, and obese adults in use of specific prescription medication classes. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of prescription medication use among 9789 adults in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a nationally representative sample of the United States. RESULTS: In 2005-2008, 56.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 54.6-58.3) of adults used 1+ prescription medication. Approximately one-quarter of adults used a hypertension medication (26.1%; 95% CI, 24.5%-27.8%). The use of hypertension medications increased with increasing weight status (normal weight: 17.2%; 95% CI, 15.6%-18.8%; overweight: 24.5%, 95% CI, 22.6%-26.4%; and obese: 35.1%, 95% CI, 32.8%-37.4%). Similarly, lipid-lowering, analgesic, antidepressant, proton pump inhibitors, thyroid, diabetes, and bronchodilator medication use was greater among obese compared with normal weight adults (each p < .01). Among adults 65+ years, 72% (95% CI, 68.2%-75.8%) of men and 67.7% (95% CI, 64.3%-71.2%) of women used a hypertension medication and a majority of men (51.2%, 95% CI, 48.4%-54%) and 40.3% (95% CI, 36.8%-43.8%) of women used lipid lowering medications; the use of both was greater among obese adults compared to normal weight adults (both p < .01). CONCLUSIONS: Obese adults in the United States use several prescription medication classes more frequently, than normal weight adults, including hypertension, lipid-lowering, and diabetes medications. SN - 1873-2585 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22100542/Prescription_medication_use_among_normal_weight_overweight_and_obese_adults_United_States_2005_2008_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1047-2797(11)00315-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -