Achieving a successful pregnancy in women with polycystic ovary syndrome.Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am 2011; 40(4):865-94EM
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disease of complex and still poorly understood cause and of variable phenotypes. It is characterized by anovulation, hyperandrogenism, and polycystic ovaries. Infertility is commonly present. A variety of methods has been used successfully to achieve pregnancy in women with PCOS. Maintenance of pregnancy is complicated by a higher rate of premature spontaneous abortions and high risk of gestational diabetes, hypertension, and preeclampsia. However, with careful monitoring and treatment, the outcome of pregnancy in most women with PCOS is excellent.