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Characteristics of under- and over-reporters of energy intake among Japanese children and adolescents: The Ryukyus Child Health Study.
Nutrition. 2012 May; 28(5):532-8.N

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Evidence on factors associated with misreporting of energy intake in children and adolescents is sparse, particularly in non-Western countries. We examined the characteristics of under- and over-reporters of energy intake in Japanese children and adolescents.

METHODS

This study included 25 761 Japanese boys and girls 6 to 15 y old. Energy intake was assessed using a self-administered diet history questionnaire developed for Japanese children and adolescents. Estimated energy requirement was calculated from self-reported body weight with the use of equations from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)/World Health Organization (WHO)/United Nations University (UNU) Expert Consultation Report on Human Energy Requirements. Under-reporters, acceptable reporters, and over-reporters of energy intake were identified based on the ratio of energy intake to estimated energy requirement (<0.76, 0.76 to 1.24, and >1.24, respectively). The risk of being an under- or over-reporter of energy intake compared with being an acceptable reporter was analyzed using logistic regression.

RESULTS

The percentages of under-, acceptable, and over-reporters of energy intake were 31.6%, 53.2%, and 15.2%, respectively. Under-reporting was associated with female sex, older age, overweight and obesity, low parental education, and completion of the dietary questionnaire without the cooperation of parent(s)/caregiver(s). Over-reporting was associated with younger age, normal weight, low parental education, and completion of the dietary questionnaire by the child/adolescent alone (compared with completion by the child/adolescent and parent[s]/caregiver[s]).

CONCLUSIONS

Although under- and over-reporting of energy intake were common and differential in this study of Japanese children and adolescents, the cooperation of parent(s)/caregiver(s) in answering the dietary questionnaire seemed to improve the quality of dietary intake data.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Social and Preventive Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. kenmrkm@m.u-tokyo.ac.jpNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22113067

Citation

Murakami, Kentaro, et al. "Characteristics of Under- and Over-reporters of Energy Intake Among Japanese Children and Adolescents: the Ryukyus Child Health Study." Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), vol. 28, no. 5, 2012, pp. 532-8.
Murakami K, Miyake Y, Sasaki S, et al. Characteristics of under- and over-reporters of energy intake among Japanese children and adolescents: The Ryukyus Child Health Study. Nutrition. 2012;28(5):532-8.
Murakami, K., Miyake, Y., Sasaki, S., Tanaka, K., & Arakawa, M. (2012). Characteristics of under- and over-reporters of energy intake among Japanese children and adolescents: The Ryukyus Child Health Study. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 28(5), 532-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2011.08.011
Murakami K, et al. Characteristics of Under- and Over-reporters of Energy Intake Among Japanese Children and Adolescents: the Ryukyus Child Health Study. Nutrition. 2012;28(5):532-8. PubMed PMID: 22113067.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Characteristics of under- and over-reporters of energy intake among Japanese children and adolescents: The Ryukyus Child Health Study. AU - Murakami,Kentaro, AU - Miyake,Yoshihiro, AU - Sasaki,Satoshi, AU - Tanaka,Keiko, AU - Arakawa,Masashi, Y1 - 2011/11/23/ PY - 2011/05/11/received PY - 2011/08/20/revised PY - 2011/08/20/accepted PY - 2011/11/25/entrez PY - 2011/11/25/pubmed PY - 2012/8/1/medline SP - 532 EP - 8 JF - Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.) JO - Nutrition VL - 28 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Evidence on factors associated with misreporting of energy intake in children and adolescents is sparse, particularly in non-Western countries. We examined the characteristics of under- and over-reporters of energy intake in Japanese children and adolescents. METHODS: This study included 25 761 Japanese boys and girls 6 to 15 y old. Energy intake was assessed using a self-administered diet history questionnaire developed for Japanese children and adolescents. Estimated energy requirement was calculated from self-reported body weight with the use of equations from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)/World Health Organization (WHO)/United Nations University (UNU) Expert Consultation Report on Human Energy Requirements. Under-reporters, acceptable reporters, and over-reporters of energy intake were identified based on the ratio of energy intake to estimated energy requirement (<0.76, 0.76 to 1.24, and >1.24, respectively). The risk of being an under- or over-reporter of energy intake compared with being an acceptable reporter was analyzed using logistic regression. RESULTS: The percentages of under-, acceptable, and over-reporters of energy intake were 31.6%, 53.2%, and 15.2%, respectively. Under-reporting was associated with female sex, older age, overweight and obesity, low parental education, and completion of the dietary questionnaire without the cooperation of parent(s)/caregiver(s). Over-reporting was associated with younger age, normal weight, low parental education, and completion of the dietary questionnaire by the child/adolescent alone (compared with completion by the child/adolescent and parent[s]/caregiver[s]). CONCLUSIONS: Although under- and over-reporting of energy intake were common and differential in this study of Japanese children and adolescents, the cooperation of parent(s)/caregiver(s) in answering the dietary questionnaire seemed to improve the quality of dietary intake data. SN - 1873-1244 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22113067/Characteristics_of_under__and_over_reporters_of_energy_intake_among_Japanese_children_and_adolescents:_The_Ryukyus_Child_Health_Study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0899-9007(11)00308-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -