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Phanerozoic Earth system evolution and marine biodiversity.
Science. 2011 Nov 25; 334(6059):1121-4.Sci

Abstract

The Phanerozoic fossil record of marine animal diversity covaries with the amount of marine sedimentary rock. The extent to which this covariation reflects a geologically controlled sampling bias remains unknown. We show that Phanerozoic records of seawater chemistry and continental flooding contain information on the diversity of marine animals that is independent of sedimentary rock quantity and sampling. Interrelationships among variables suggest long-term interactions among continental flooding, sulfur and carbon cycling, and macroevolution. Thus, mutual responses to interacting Earth systems, not sampling biases, explain much of the observed covariation between Phanerozoic patterns of sedimentation and fossil biodiversity. Linkages between biodiversity and environmental records likely reflect complex biotic responses to changing ocean redox conditions and long-term sea-level fluctuations driven by plate tectonics.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Earth Science, Centre for Geobiology, University of Bergen, Allégaten 41, Bergen, Norway. bjarte.hannisdal@geo.uib.noNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22116884

Citation

Hannisdal, Bjarte, and Shanan E. Peters. "Phanerozoic Earth System Evolution and Marine Biodiversity." Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 334, no. 6059, 2011, pp. 1121-4.
Hannisdal B, Peters SE. Phanerozoic Earth system evolution and marine biodiversity. Science. 2011;334(6059):1121-4.
Hannisdal, B., & Peters, S. E. (2011). Phanerozoic Earth system evolution and marine biodiversity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6059), 1121-4. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1210695
Hannisdal B, Peters SE. Phanerozoic Earth System Evolution and Marine Biodiversity. Science. 2011 Nov 25;334(6059):1121-4. PubMed PMID: 22116884.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Phanerozoic Earth system evolution and marine biodiversity. AU - Hannisdal,Bjarte, AU - Peters,Shanan E, PY - 2011/11/26/entrez PY - 2011/11/26/pubmed PY - 2012/11/2/medline SP - 1121 EP - 4 JF - Science (New York, N.Y.) JO - Science VL - 334 IS - 6059 N2 - The Phanerozoic fossil record of marine animal diversity covaries with the amount of marine sedimentary rock. The extent to which this covariation reflects a geologically controlled sampling bias remains unknown. We show that Phanerozoic records of seawater chemistry and continental flooding contain information on the diversity of marine animals that is independent of sedimentary rock quantity and sampling. Interrelationships among variables suggest long-term interactions among continental flooding, sulfur and carbon cycling, and macroevolution. Thus, mutual responses to interacting Earth systems, not sampling biases, explain much of the observed covariation between Phanerozoic patterns of sedimentation and fossil biodiversity. Linkages between biodiversity and environmental records likely reflect complex biotic responses to changing ocean redox conditions and long-term sea-level fluctuations driven by plate tectonics. SN - 1095-9203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22116884/Phanerozoic_Earth_system_evolution_and_marine_biodiversity_ L2 - https://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=22116884 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -