Spectral analysis of short-term heart rate variability in diabetic patients.J Auton Nerv Syst. 1990 Jul; 30 Suppl:S45-9.JA
Spectral analysis of short term R-R variability estimated by autoregressive modelling is a recently developed method for the evaluation of cardiovascular autonomic function. This new test also allows to study the interaction on heart rate variability of parasympathetic and sympathetic system. The sensitivity of the method for detection of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy has been evaluated in a group of diabetic patients in comparison with the sensitivity of a battery of the most commonly used cardiovascular autonomic tests (deep-breathing, lying-to-standing, Valsalva Manoeuvre, postural hypotension and hand grip). Spectral analysis of heart rate variability resulted in a very sensitive method for early detection of diabetic autonomic neuropathy, about one-fourth of diabetic patients with normal traditional cardiovascular autonomic tests had abnormal results at spectral analysis. Both sympathetic and vagal control of heart rate resulted alterated in diabetic autonomic neuropathy.