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Assessing individual differences in proneness to shame and guilt: development of the Self-Conscious Affect and Attribution Inventory.
J Pers Soc Psychol. 1990 Jul; 59(1):102-11.JP

Abstract

Individual differences in proneness to shame and proneness to guilt are thought to play an important role in the development of both adaptive and maladaptive interpersonal and intrapersonal processes. But little empirical research has addressed these issues, largely because no reliable, valid measure has been available to researchers interested in differentiating proneness to shame from proneness to guilt. The Self-Conscious Affect and Attribution Inventory (SCAAI) was developed to assess characteristic affective, cognitive, and behavioral responses associated with shame and guilt among a young adult population. The SCAAI also includes indices of externalization of cause or blame, detachment/unconcern, pride in self, and pride in behavior. Data from 3 independent studies of college students and 1 study of noncollege adults provide support for the reliability of the main SCAAI subscales. Moreover, the pattern of relations among the SCAAI subscales and the relation of SCAAI subscales to 2 extant measures of shame and guilt support the validity of this new measure. The SCAAI appears to provide related but functionally distinct indices of proneness to shame and guilt in a way that these previous measures have not.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2213483

Citation

Tangney, J P.. "Assessing Individual Differences in Proneness to Shame and Guilt: Development of the Self-Conscious Affect and Attribution Inventory." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 59, no. 1, 1990, pp. 102-11.
Tangney JP. Assessing individual differences in proneness to shame and guilt: development of the Self-Conscious Affect and Attribution Inventory. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1990;59(1):102-11.
Tangney, J. P. (1990). Assessing individual differences in proneness to shame and guilt: development of the Self-Conscious Affect and Attribution Inventory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59(1), 102-11.
Tangney JP. Assessing Individual Differences in Proneness to Shame and Guilt: Development of the Self-Conscious Affect and Attribution Inventory. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1990;59(1):102-11. PubMed PMID: 2213483.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Assessing individual differences in proneness to shame and guilt: development of the Self-Conscious Affect and Attribution Inventory. A1 - Tangney,J P, PY - 1990/7/1/pubmed PY - 1990/7/1/medline PY - 1990/7/1/entrez SP - 102 EP - 11 JF - Journal of personality and social psychology JO - J Pers Soc Psychol VL - 59 IS - 1 N2 - Individual differences in proneness to shame and proneness to guilt are thought to play an important role in the development of both adaptive and maladaptive interpersonal and intrapersonal processes. But little empirical research has addressed these issues, largely because no reliable, valid measure has been available to researchers interested in differentiating proneness to shame from proneness to guilt. The Self-Conscious Affect and Attribution Inventory (SCAAI) was developed to assess characteristic affective, cognitive, and behavioral responses associated with shame and guilt among a young adult population. The SCAAI also includes indices of externalization of cause or blame, detachment/unconcern, pride in self, and pride in behavior. Data from 3 independent studies of college students and 1 study of noncollege adults provide support for the reliability of the main SCAAI subscales. Moreover, the pattern of relations among the SCAAI subscales and the relation of SCAAI subscales to 2 extant measures of shame and guilt support the validity of this new measure. The SCAAI appears to provide related but functionally distinct indices of proneness to shame and guilt in a way that these previous measures have not. SN - 0022-3514 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2213483/Assessing_individual_differences_in_proneness_to_shame_and_guilt:_development_of_the_Self_Conscious_Affect_and_Attribution_Inventory_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -