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Cigarette butts near building entrances: what is the impact of smoke-free college campus policies?
Tob Control 2013; 22(2):107-12TC

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Indoor and outdoor tobacco-free campus policies for schools, hospitals and universities are increasingly being adopted. Yet, little direct evidence exists on the impact of tobacco-free campuses on tobacco outcomes.

OBJECTIVES

To identify differences in cigarettes smoked at main campus building entrances by campus policy strength.

METHODS

Researchers collected cigarette butts (n=3427) at main building entrances (n=67) at baseline and follow-up on 19 community college campuses stratified by strength of campus outdoor tobacco policy (none, perimeter/designated area, 100% tobacco free). Outcome measures included the number of butts per day at building entrances averaged to create a campus score. Analysis of variance techniques examined differences in scores by the strength of campuses' outdoor tobacco policy.

RESULTS

One hundred per cent tobacco-free community college campuses had significantly fewer cigarette butts at doors than campuses with no outdoor restrictions. Butts on community college campuses with partial policies were not statistically different from campuses with no policy or campuses with a 100% tobacco-free policy but indicated that a dose-response relationship may exist.

CONCLUSIONS

This study provides some of the first evidence on the impact of 100% tobacco-free outdoor policies on college campuses using an objective and reproducible measure. Such policies likely provide a more healthful environment for students, staff, faculty and visitors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Tobacco Prevention and Evaluation Program, Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 590 Manning Drive, CB 7595, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. jose.lee@unc.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22135167

Citation

Lee, Joseph G L., et al. "Cigarette Butts Near Building Entrances: what Is the Impact of Smoke-free College Campus Policies?" Tobacco Control, vol. 22, no. 2, 2013, pp. 107-12.
Lee JG, Ranney LM, Goldstein AO. Cigarette butts near building entrances: what is the impact of smoke-free college campus policies? Tob Control. 2013;22(2):107-12.
Lee, J. G., Ranney, L. M., & Goldstein, A. O. (2013). Cigarette butts near building entrances: what is the impact of smoke-free college campus policies? Tobacco Control, 22(2), pp. 107-12. doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2011-050152.
Lee JG, Ranney LM, Goldstein AO. Cigarette Butts Near Building Entrances: what Is the Impact of Smoke-free College Campus Policies. Tob Control. 2013;22(2):107-12. PubMed PMID: 22135167.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cigarette butts near building entrances: what is the impact of smoke-free college campus policies? AU - Lee,Joseph G L, AU - Ranney,Leah M, AU - Goldstein,Adam O, Y1 - 2011/12/01/ PY - 2011/12/3/entrez PY - 2011/12/3/pubmed PY - 2013/7/31/medline SP - 107 EP - 12 JF - Tobacco control JO - Tob Control VL - 22 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Indoor and outdoor tobacco-free campus policies for schools, hospitals and universities are increasingly being adopted. Yet, little direct evidence exists on the impact of tobacco-free campuses on tobacco outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To identify differences in cigarettes smoked at main campus building entrances by campus policy strength. METHODS: Researchers collected cigarette butts (n=3427) at main building entrances (n=67) at baseline and follow-up on 19 community college campuses stratified by strength of campus outdoor tobacco policy (none, perimeter/designated area, 100% tobacco free). Outcome measures included the number of butts per day at building entrances averaged to create a campus score. Analysis of variance techniques examined differences in scores by the strength of campuses' outdoor tobacco policy. RESULTS: One hundred per cent tobacco-free community college campuses had significantly fewer cigarette butts at doors than campuses with no outdoor restrictions. Butts on community college campuses with partial policies were not statistically different from campuses with no policy or campuses with a 100% tobacco-free policy but indicated that a dose-response relationship may exist. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides some of the first evidence on the impact of 100% tobacco-free outdoor policies on college campuses using an objective and reproducible measure. Such policies likely provide a more healthful environment for students, staff, faculty and visitors. SN - 1468-3318 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22135167/Cigarette_butts_near_building_entrances:_what_is_the_impact_of_smoke_free_college_campus_policies L2 - http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=22135167 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -