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Dietary supplementation of fructooligosaccharide (FOS) improves the innate immune response, stress resistance, digestive enzyme activities and growth performance of Caspian roach (Rutilus rutilus) fry.
Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2012 Feb; 32(2):316-21.FS

Abstract

The present study investigated the effects of prebiotic fructooligosaccharide (FOS) on the innate immune response, stress resistance, digestive enzyme activities, growth factors and survival of Caspian Roach (Rutilus rutilus) fry. After acclimation, fish (0.67 ± 0.03 g) were allocated into 12 tanks (50 fish per tank) and triplicate groups were fed a control diet or diets containing 1%, 2% or 3% FOS. At the end of the trial (7 weeks), humoral innate immune parameters (serum Ig levels, lysozyme activity and alternative complement activity (ACH50)), resistance to salinity stress (150 g L(-1)), digestive enzyme activities (amylase, lipase and protease) and growth factors (final weight, weight gain, specific growth rate (SGR), food conversion ratio (FCR), and condition factor) were assessed. At the end of the study the innate immune responses (Ig levels, lysozyme activity and ACH50) were significantly higher in 2% and 3% FOS fed fish (P < 0.05), whereas, 1% dietary FOS only elevated serum lysozyme activity. All dietary FOS levels significantly increased resistance to a salinity stress challenge (P < 0.05) and highest survival was observed in the 3% FOS group. Similarly, digestive enzyme activities were significantly elevated with increasing levels of dietary FOS (P < 0.05). Subsequently, elevated growth performance (final weight, SGR and FCR) was observed in roach fed 2% and 3% FOS compared to the control group (P < 0.05). These results indicate that FOS can be considered as a beneficial dietary supplement for improving the immune response, stress resistance, digestive enzyme activities and growth performance of Caspian roach fry.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Young Researchers Club Branch, Islamic Azad University, Azadshahr Branch, Azadshahr, Iran.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22142706

Citation

Soleimani, Narges, et al. "Dietary Supplementation of Fructooligosaccharide (FOS) Improves the Innate Immune Response, Stress Resistance, Digestive Enzyme Activities and Growth Performance of Caspian Roach (Rutilus Rutilus) Fry." Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 32, no. 2, 2012, pp. 316-21.
Soleimani N, Hoseinifar SH, Merrifield DL, et al. Dietary supplementation of fructooligosaccharide (FOS) improves the innate immune response, stress resistance, digestive enzyme activities and growth performance of Caspian roach (Rutilus rutilus) fry. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2012;32(2):316-21.
Soleimani, N., Hoseinifar, S. H., Merrifield, D. L., Barati, M., & Abadi, Z. H. (2012). Dietary supplementation of fructooligosaccharide (FOS) improves the innate immune response, stress resistance, digestive enzyme activities and growth performance of Caspian roach (Rutilus rutilus) fry. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 32(2), 316-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2011.11.023
Soleimani N, et al. Dietary Supplementation of Fructooligosaccharide (FOS) Improves the Innate Immune Response, Stress Resistance, Digestive Enzyme Activities and Growth Performance of Caspian Roach (Rutilus Rutilus) Fry. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2012;32(2):316-21. PubMed PMID: 22142706.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary supplementation of fructooligosaccharide (FOS) improves the innate immune response, stress resistance, digestive enzyme activities and growth performance of Caspian roach (Rutilus rutilus) fry. AU - Soleimani,Narges, AU - Hoseinifar,Seyed Hossein, AU - Merrifield,Daniel L, AU - Barati,Mohsen, AU - Abadi,Zohreh Hassan, Y1 - 2011/11/28/ PY - 2011/10/08/received PY - 2011/10/31/revised PY - 2011/11/21/accepted PY - 2011/12/7/entrez PY - 2011/12/7/pubmed PY - 2012/4/28/medline SP - 316 EP - 21 JF - Fish & shellfish immunology JO - Fish Shellfish Immunol VL - 32 IS - 2 N2 - The present study investigated the effects of prebiotic fructooligosaccharide (FOS) on the innate immune response, stress resistance, digestive enzyme activities, growth factors and survival of Caspian Roach (Rutilus rutilus) fry. After acclimation, fish (0.67 ± 0.03 g) were allocated into 12 tanks (50 fish per tank) and triplicate groups were fed a control diet or diets containing 1%, 2% or 3% FOS. At the end of the trial (7 weeks), humoral innate immune parameters (serum Ig levels, lysozyme activity and alternative complement activity (ACH50)), resistance to salinity stress (150 g L(-1)), digestive enzyme activities (amylase, lipase and protease) and growth factors (final weight, weight gain, specific growth rate (SGR), food conversion ratio (FCR), and condition factor) were assessed. At the end of the study the innate immune responses (Ig levels, lysozyme activity and ACH50) were significantly higher in 2% and 3% FOS fed fish (P < 0.05), whereas, 1% dietary FOS only elevated serum lysozyme activity. All dietary FOS levels significantly increased resistance to a salinity stress challenge (P < 0.05) and highest survival was observed in the 3% FOS group. Similarly, digestive enzyme activities were significantly elevated with increasing levels of dietary FOS (P < 0.05). Subsequently, elevated growth performance (final weight, SGR and FCR) was observed in roach fed 2% and 3% FOS compared to the control group (P < 0.05). These results indicate that FOS can be considered as a beneficial dietary supplement for improving the immune response, stress resistance, digestive enzyme activities and growth performance of Caspian roach fry. SN - 1095-9947 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22142706/Dietary_supplementation_of_fructooligosaccharide__FOS__improves_the_innate_immune_response_stress_resistance_digestive_enzyme_activities_and_growth_performance_of_Caspian_roach__Rutilus_rutilus__fry_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1050-4648(11)00433-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -