Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Obesity related eating behaviour patterns in Swedish preschool children and association with age, gender, relative weight and parental weight--factorial validation of the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire.
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2011 Dec 08; 8:134.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) is a multi-dimensional, parent-reported questionnaire measuring children's eating behaviours related to obesity risk, i.e. 'enjoyment of food', 'food responsiveness', 'slowness in eating' and 'satiety responsiveness'. It has not previously been validated in a Swedish population, neither on children under the age of 2 years. In the present study we examined the factor structure and the reliability of the Swedish version of the CEBQ, for use in an obesity intervention programme targeting preschool children 1-6 years. Further, the associations between eating behaviours and children's age, gender and relative weight (BMI SDS) and parental weight were investigated.

METHODS

Parents to 174 children aged 1-6 years (50% girls, mean age 3.8 years), recruited from five kindergartens in Stockholm, completed the Swedish version of the CEBQ. Data on children's weight and height, parental weight, height and educational level was collected. Children's relative weight was calculated for a subpopulation (mean BMI SDS -0.4, n = 47). Factorial validation (Principal Component Analysis) on all CEBQ items was performed. Differences in eating behaviours by age, gender and parental weight were examined. Correlations between eating behaviours and the child's BMI SDS were analysed controlling for age, gender, parental weight and education in linear regression analyses.

RESULTS

The factor analysis revealed a seven factor solution with good psychometric properties, similar to the original structure. The behaviour scales 'overeating'/'food responsiveness', 'enjoyment of food' and 'emotional undereating' decreased with age and 'food fussiness' increased with age. Eating behaviours did not differ between girls and boys. The children's relative weight was not related to any of the eating behaviours when controlling for age, gender, parental weight and education, and only associated with parental weight status.

CONCLUSIONS

Our results support the use of the CEBQ as a psychometric instrument for assessing children's eating behaviours in Swedish children aged 1-6 years. Measuring obesity related eating behaviours in longitudinal and interventional studies would offer opportunities for studying causal effects of eating behaviours in the development of obesity in children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, SE 141 86 Stockholm, Sweden. viktoria.svensson@karolinska.seNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Validation Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22152012

Citation

Svensson, Viktoria, et al. "Obesity Related Eating Behaviour Patterns in Swedish Preschool Children and Association With Age, Gender, Relative Weight and Parental Weight--factorial Validation of the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire." The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 8, 2011, p. 134.
Svensson V, Lundborg L, Cao Y, et al. Obesity related eating behaviour patterns in Swedish preschool children and association with age, gender, relative weight and parental weight--factorial validation of the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2011;8:134.
Svensson, V., Lundborg, L., Cao, Y., Nowicka, P., Marcus, C., & Sobko, T. (2011). Obesity related eating behaviour patterns in Swedish preschool children and association with age, gender, relative weight and parental weight--factorial validation of the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire. The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8, 134. https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-8-134
Svensson V, et al. Obesity Related Eating Behaviour Patterns in Swedish Preschool Children and Association With Age, Gender, Relative Weight and Parental Weight--factorial Validation of the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2011 Dec 8;8:134. PubMed PMID: 22152012.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Obesity related eating behaviour patterns in Swedish preschool children and association with age, gender, relative weight and parental weight--factorial validation of the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire. AU - Svensson,Viktoria, AU - Lundborg,Linda, AU - Cao,Yingting, AU - Nowicka,Paulina, AU - Marcus,Claude, AU - Sobko,Tanja, Y1 - 2011/12/08/ PY - 2011/06/10/received PY - 2011/12/08/accepted PY - 2011/12/14/entrez PY - 2011/12/14/pubmed PY - 2012/6/26/medline SP - 134 EP - 134 JF - The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity JO - Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act VL - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND: The Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) is a multi-dimensional, parent-reported questionnaire measuring children's eating behaviours related to obesity risk, i.e. 'enjoyment of food', 'food responsiveness', 'slowness in eating' and 'satiety responsiveness'. It has not previously been validated in a Swedish population, neither on children under the age of 2 years. In the present study we examined the factor structure and the reliability of the Swedish version of the CEBQ, for use in an obesity intervention programme targeting preschool children 1-6 years. Further, the associations between eating behaviours and children's age, gender and relative weight (BMI SDS) and parental weight were investigated. METHODS: Parents to 174 children aged 1-6 years (50% girls, mean age 3.8 years), recruited from five kindergartens in Stockholm, completed the Swedish version of the CEBQ. Data on children's weight and height, parental weight, height and educational level was collected. Children's relative weight was calculated for a subpopulation (mean BMI SDS -0.4, n = 47). Factorial validation (Principal Component Analysis) on all CEBQ items was performed. Differences in eating behaviours by age, gender and parental weight were examined. Correlations between eating behaviours and the child's BMI SDS were analysed controlling for age, gender, parental weight and education in linear regression analyses. RESULTS: The factor analysis revealed a seven factor solution with good psychometric properties, similar to the original structure. The behaviour scales 'overeating'/'food responsiveness', 'enjoyment of food' and 'emotional undereating' decreased with age and 'food fussiness' increased with age. Eating behaviours did not differ between girls and boys. The children's relative weight was not related to any of the eating behaviours when controlling for age, gender, parental weight and education, and only associated with parental weight status. CONCLUSIONS: Our results support the use of the CEBQ as a psychometric instrument for assessing children's eating behaviours in Swedish children aged 1-6 years. Measuring obesity related eating behaviours in longitudinal and interventional studies would offer opportunities for studying causal effects of eating behaviours in the development of obesity in children. SN - 1479-5868 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22152012/Obesity_related_eating_behaviour_patterns_in_Swedish_preschool_children_and_association_with_age_gender_relative_weight_and_parental_weight__factorial_validation_of_the_Children's_Eating_Behaviour_Questionnaire_ L2 - https://ijbnpa.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1479-5868-8-134 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -