Randomized trial of pterygium surgery with mitomycin C application using conjunctival autograft versus conjunctival-limbal autograft.Ophthalmology. 2012 Feb; 119(2):227-32.O
To compare the outcomes of free conjunctival autograft (CAU) versus conjunctival-limbal autograft (CLAU) in the prevention of recurrence after pterygium surgery with adjunctive mitomycin C application in patients with primary or recurrent pterygia.
Prospective, randomized study.
PARTICIPANTS AND CONTROLS
Eighty-seven eyes of 86 patients with primary or recurrent nasal pterygia were included.
All eyes underwent pterygium excision followed by removal of subconjunctival fibrovascular tissue and application of 0.02% mitomycin C for 3 minutes. The eyes then were assigned randomly to receive either CAU (44 eyes) or CLAU (43 eyes).
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
Rate of conjunctival or corneal recurrence of pterygium after surgery.
A follow-up of at least 12 months (mean, 14 ± 2.2 months) was achieved in 78 eyes of 78 patients, including 39 eyes in the CAU group (31 primary and 8 recurrent pterygia) and 39 eyes in the CLAU group (33 primary and 6 recurrent pterygia). After surgery, no eye in the CLAU group developed pterygium recurrence; however, recurrence was seen in 2 eyes (5.1%) in the CAU group, including 1 of 31 patients (3.2%) with primary pterygia and 1 of 8 patients (12.5%) with recurrent pterygia. There was no statistically significant difference in recurrence rates between the 2 groups or in the primary and recurrent subgroups. In the CLAU group, a localized pannus formation at the donor site of the limbal graft was noted in 5 eyes (12.8%), with the appearance of pseudopterygium in 1 eye.
There was no significant difference in recurrence rates of pterygium after surgery with mitomycin C application between the CAU and CLAU groups, more remarkably in primary cases. Limbal damage was seen in some eyes with CLAU.