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Ghrelin PYY 3-36 serum changes in left ventricular hypertrophic, insulin-resistant, hypertensive obese patients.
Obes Facts 2011; 4(5):386-92OF

Abstract

AIM

Hypertension is a major health problem and is usually associated with common conditions such as obesity, which contribute to clinical cardiac dysfunction. The role of energy homeostasis hormones such as ghrelin and PYY 3-36 in cardiovascular function remains incompletely understood. Therefore, the aim of our study was to explore the potential differences in concentrations of ghrelin forms and PYY 3-36 circulating in obese patients with grade 1 and grade 2 hypertension, with higher and lower BMI and without and with insulin resistance as well as to determine whether these hormones may be associated with left ventricular hypertrophy.

METHODS

A total of 142 adult subjects were studied in three subgroups: lean (BMI < 25 kg/m(2)) normotensive subjects and obese subjects (BMI 30.0-34.9 kg/m(2)), and obese subjects (BMI 35.0-39.9 kg/m(2)) under hypertensive treatment for at least 9 years. Fasting blood glucose, insulin, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), lipid profile, urinic acid, acylated ghrelin (A-Ghr), total ghrelin (T-Ghr), and PYY 3-36 were measured. Insulin resistance was determined by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). We also echocardiographically assessed left ventricular mass (LVM) index (LVMI = LVM/height(2.7)). We evaluated the association between plasma T-Ghr, A-Ghr, PYY 3-36 levels with LVMI and other measured factors using univariate and multivariate analysis.

RESULTS

There were significant differences between BMI, waist circumference (WC), LVMI, hs-CRP and A-Ghr/nonacylated ghrelin (NA-Ghr) ratio (in the two obese subgroups. There was no significant difference between T-Ghr, A-Ghr and PYY 3-36 levels between obese subgroups. T-Ghr and PYY 3-36 were significantly lower in obese patients than in the control group, whereas A-Ghr levels did not differ between obese and controls. A-Ghr/NA-Ghr ratio was significantly higher in patients with second-degree hypertension and BMI 35.0-39.9 kg/m(2) than in patients with first-degree hypertension and BMI 30.0-34.9 kg/m(2). There were negative associations between T-Ghr, NA-Ghr or PYY 3-36 and LVMI (r = -0.49, p = 0.0001; r = -0.47, p = 0.0001; or r = -0.18, p = 0.029, respectively) and positive association between A-Ghr/NA-Ghr ratio and LVMI (r = 0.3, p = 0.0003). T-Ghr and NA-Ghr, were associated negatively with fasting insulin (r = -0.31, p = 0.0025; and r = -0.36, p = 0.001, repectively), while A-Ghr/NA-Ghr ratio was positively associated with BMI and fasting insulin (r = 0.23, p = 0.041; r = 0.3, p = 0.0045, respectively). T-Ghr, A-Ghr, and NAGhr were also inversely related to HOMA-IR indices in obese patients (r = -0.43, p = 0.001; r = -0.32, p = 0.0359; r = -0.35, p = 0.001, respectively). In insulin-resistant obese subjects T-Ghr and NA-Ghr correlated negatively with HOMA-IR (r = -0.34, p = 0.0015; r = -0.28, p = 0.0116, respectively). LVMI was associated negatively with T-Ghr, NA-Ghr and PYY 3-36 (r = -0.49, p = 0.0001; r = -0.47, p = 0.0001; r = -0.18, p = 0.029, respectively). In addition, LVMI was positively associated with A-Ghr/NA-Ghr ratio (r = 0.30, p = 0.0003).

CONCLUSION

Plasma ghrelin forms and PYY 3-36 levels are associated with LVMI. These associations indicate a possible interaction between gut peptides and the cardiovascular system in hypertension and obesity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physiology, Silesian Center for Heart Diseases, Medical University of Silesia, Zabrze, Poland.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22166759

Citation

Karcz-Socha, Iwona, et al. "Ghrelin PYY 3-36 Serum Changes in Left Ventricular Hypertrophic, Insulin-resistant, Hypertensive Obese Patients." Obesity Facts, vol. 4, no. 5, 2011, pp. 386-92.
Karcz-Socha I, Zwirska-Korczala K, Zembala M, et al. Ghrelin PYY 3-36 serum changes in left ventricular hypertrophic, insulin-resistant, hypertensive obese patients. Obes Facts. 2011;4(5):386-92.
Karcz-Socha, I., Zwirska-Korczala, K., Zembala, M., Borgiel-Marek, H., & Karcz, K. (2011). Ghrelin PYY 3-36 serum changes in left ventricular hypertrophic, insulin-resistant, hypertensive obese patients. Obesity Facts, 4(5), pp. 386-92. doi:10.1159/000334198.
Karcz-Socha I, et al. Ghrelin PYY 3-36 Serum Changes in Left Ventricular Hypertrophic, Insulin-resistant, Hypertensive Obese Patients. Obes Facts. 2011;4(5):386-92. PubMed PMID: 22166759.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Ghrelin PYY 3-36 serum changes in left ventricular hypertrophic, insulin-resistant, hypertensive obese patients. AU - Karcz-Socha,Iwona, AU - Zwirska-Korczala,Krystyna, AU - Zembala,Marian, AU - Borgiel-Marek,Halina, AU - Karcz,Konrad, Y1 - 2011/10/21/ PY - 2011/12/15/entrez PY - 2011/12/15/pubmed PY - 2012/5/30/medline SP - 386 EP - 92 JF - Obesity facts JO - Obes Facts VL - 4 IS - 5 N2 - AIM: Hypertension is a major health problem and is usually associated with common conditions such as obesity, which contribute to clinical cardiac dysfunction. The role of energy homeostasis hormones such as ghrelin and PYY 3-36 in cardiovascular function remains incompletely understood. Therefore, the aim of our study was to explore the potential differences in concentrations of ghrelin forms and PYY 3-36 circulating in obese patients with grade 1 and grade 2 hypertension, with higher and lower BMI and without and with insulin resistance as well as to determine whether these hormones may be associated with left ventricular hypertrophy. METHODS: A total of 142 adult subjects were studied in three subgroups: lean (BMI < 25 kg/m(2)) normotensive subjects and obese subjects (BMI 30.0-34.9 kg/m(2)), and obese subjects (BMI 35.0-39.9 kg/m(2)) under hypertensive treatment for at least 9 years. Fasting blood glucose, insulin, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), lipid profile, urinic acid, acylated ghrelin (A-Ghr), total ghrelin (T-Ghr), and PYY 3-36 were measured. Insulin resistance was determined by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). We also echocardiographically assessed left ventricular mass (LVM) index (LVMI = LVM/height(2.7)). We evaluated the association between plasma T-Ghr, A-Ghr, PYY 3-36 levels with LVMI and other measured factors using univariate and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: There were significant differences between BMI, waist circumference (WC), LVMI, hs-CRP and A-Ghr/nonacylated ghrelin (NA-Ghr) ratio (in the two obese subgroups. There was no significant difference between T-Ghr, A-Ghr and PYY 3-36 levels between obese subgroups. T-Ghr and PYY 3-36 were significantly lower in obese patients than in the control group, whereas A-Ghr levels did not differ between obese and controls. A-Ghr/NA-Ghr ratio was significantly higher in patients with second-degree hypertension and BMI 35.0-39.9 kg/m(2) than in patients with first-degree hypertension and BMI 30.0-34.9 kg/m(2). There were negative associations between T-Ghr, NA-Ghr or PYY 3-36 and LVMI (r = -0.49, p = 0.0001; r = -0.47, p = 0.0001; or r = -0.18, p = 0.029, respectively) and positive association between A-Ghr/NA-Ghr ratio and LVMI (r = 0.3, p = 0.0003). T-Ghr and NA-Ghr, were associated negatively with fasting insulin (r = -0.31, p = 0.0025; and r = -0.36, p = 0.001, repectively), while A-Ghr/NA-Ghr ratio was positively associated with BMI and fasting insulin (r = 0.23, p = 0.041; r = 0.3, p = 0.0045, respectively). T-Ghr, A-Ghr, and NAGhr were also inversely related to HOMA-IR indices in obese patients (r = -0.43, p = 0.001; r = -0.32, p = 0.0359; r = -0.35, p = 0.001, respectively). In insulin-resistant obese subjects T-Ghr and NA-Ghr correlated negatively with HOMA-IR (r = -0.34, p = 0.0015; r = -0.28, p = 0.0116, respectively). LVMI was associated negatively with T-Ghr, NA-Ghr and PYY 3-36 (r = -0.49, p = 0.0001; r = -0.47, p = 0.0001; r = -0.18, p = 0.029, respectively). In addition, LVMI was positively associated with A-Ghr/NA-Ghr ratio (r = 0.30, p = 0.0003). CONCLUSION: Plasma ghrelin forms and PYY 3-36 levels are associated with LVMI. These associations indicate a possible interaction between gut peptides and the cardiovascular system in hypertension and obesity. SN - 1662-4033 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22166759/Ghrelin_PYY_3_36_serum_changes_in_left_ventricular_hypertrophic_insulin_resistant_hypertensive_obese_patients_ L2 - https://www.karger.com?DOI=10.1159/000334198 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -